Electric, 2×2 and riding UBCO’s utility bike
I’ve always liked utility bikes (‘ag bikes’, ‘farm bikes’) where functionality is measured in terms of load carrying and off-road agility, rather than tarmac-creasing acceleration or foot-long suspension travel. They even get their own section in AMH8, left. For the right sort of gnarly adventure, or with a recalibrated attitude towards pace, bikes like Honda’s AG190 ( left ) could make a tough little travel bike.Ag bikes possess that do-anything, go-anywhere appeal, which must also be behind the adventure motorcycling phenomenon. Yamaha’s TW-inspired Ryoku concept of a few years ago ( below right ) seemed to bridge both segments.
Whether intended or not, UBCO’s 2×2 electric utility ‘moped’ may also benefit from this ‘I-could-if-I-wanted-to’ conceit. People need personal mobility, sure, but many like to be feel cool while doing so, be it in a RAV 4 or on a GS12 or Raleigh Chopper. While staying in an affluent suburb of Sydney recently, along with skimpy urban scoots like the Sachs ( above left ), Chinese urban retros similar to the Mash Roadster as well as a few XSR7s outnumbered anything else I saw on two wheels there. In fact it’s said bikes like these are now beginning to outsell adventure-styled bikes. Expect Bike Shed franchises to start popping up like Pizza Huts.
The Ryoku never got off the drawing board, but Honda’s recent X-ADV adventure scooter sought to capitalise on that urban adventure cachet. But after riding one – and even though I now have DCT out of my system – I felt something more akin to the current Ruckus moped (left; not sold in the UK) would have been more fun.In Australasia and South Africa, ag bikes have been on the scene for ever, but have changed little since the 1980s. What you want is an ag bike’s utility with scooter-like ease of getting on and off – a mini X-ADV. But do you also need 2WD and would you choose electric?
You can be sure that one long winter some obscure engineer-farmer has experimented with front-wheel drive long before most of us were born. The vid below is one of many crazy-arsed compilations on YouTube. And a couple of years ago Visordown dedicated one of their Top Tens to 2×2 motos, some pictured right.
Such predictions proved to be on the money. If AWD is seen to be as desirable as it was when Audi introduced the Quattro road car in the 1980s, then the advent of hub-mounted electric motors is by far the least complicated and most elegant way of doing it. Ask Nasa ( above ) or even Ferdinand Porsche. The mechanical or hydraulic solutions powered by an ICE (internal combustion engine), as in the vid above, are mostly just too clumsy, expensive, complex or otherwise lacking in real-world commercial potential.
Off-road the benefits of AWD traction is obvious. I can think of many sandy pistes in the Sahara ( above ; Algeria) which would have been a whole lot easier and therefore safer to ride with the addition of front-wheel drive. Just like in a 4×4, AWD means you can tackle loose terrain like sandy ruts or dunes without resorting to momentum (aka; speed) which will catch you out (right). And in my experience in the desert, a 4×4 with an automatic gearbox is an unbeatable combination, especially on slow rocky climbs or in soft sand. Just the right amount of torque is fed to all the wheels to give traction, and on rocky trails there is no risk of stalling, again allowing you to concentrate on precise wheel positioning and clearance issues.
Automatic scooters are common, proper motorbikes less so, but do you even need 2×2 on a road bike? The answer is: not really. While road tests affirm that Yamaha’s recent ‘2FW’ Niken ( above ) delivers eye-opening improvements in front-end grip, on the road 2×2 would only benefit acceleration, by spreading the torque to both wheels and so limiting wheel spin (just as front and rear brakes improve braking all round).But advances in electronic traction control and tyres to match have proved just as able in optionally eliminating wheel spin. Combined as it is with ABS sensors, TA probably adds just a few ounces to a bike’s weight. Any front-wheel drive system would add several kilos while drawing overall power.All up, the US-built 200-cc Rokon below is the only successful production 2WD motorcycle – a two-wheeled tractor that looks even less comfortable to drive on anything easier than a wooded hillside and for most people has has probably been superseded by AWD ATVs, even if the latest model features the miracle of front suspension.
UBCO: Electro Glide in White
UBCO stands for Utility Bike Company, founded in 2015 when the work of a couple of creative Kiwi engineers got picked up by entrepreneur, Tim Allan (riding, below ). In 2018, after the original off-road only model had spent a couple of years in development with Kiwi farmers, a fully road-legal, version was released for global export. It’s the world’s first production 2×2 electric motorcycle aimed at farmers, rangers and forestry, while also being bought for urban deliveries and just plain off-road fun. Being restricted to 50kph, it’s classified as a moped which in many territories means it can be ridden on just a provisional licence.You can add luggage or wider racks and run power tools off it. To recharge the 16-kilo battery takes 6-8 hours. The bike is made in China and in NZ and Australia costs 8000, (about £4200) in the US it’s more. That’s about the same price as a KTM full-suspension e-bike ( above right ) I saw in an NZ shop window.
Wisely, UBCO dodges competing with the likes of recently folded Alta or Zero who produce(d) full-sized electric road-legal motorcycles. Instead, it’s aiming squarely at the utility market where the benefits of a light, rugged, easy-to-ride and near-silent all-terrain bike outdo its limitations in range and performance.
Weight is 65kg and with 2.4kw (3.2hp) via the 48-Ah, 50-V Lithium-ion battery, power is less than an ICE moped. But 90Nm or 66 ft lbs of torque across two wheel is a figure equivalent an 800cc bike, and all that torque is delivered instantly to each wheel so both will spin as you pull away on loose dirt. Electrotoque is not really comparable with ICE torque: old but interesting article.Very few electric motorcycles have motors in the wheel hubs. Once you get beyond a moped power level, they become too heavy and bulky so need to return to the typically central ICE location. Above (the two sides of a hub motor), the number and size of copper windings correlate to the power, and these motors are designed to spin fast, hence the three reduction gears on the left. The UBCO’s motors are about as small and low powered as they get on an e-moto, so hub fitting is not a problem. There’s just the low, centrally positioned battery with a power cable reaching out to each hub. Simple.
Tim, myself and his mate JB set off along an overgrown MTB trail at the TECT Trail Park close to Tauranga where UBCO are based. No clutch or gears, no heat, drive chains or belts and virtually noise, plus hydraulic MTB brakes, speed-calibrated regenerative braking and low CoG and seat all make the UBCO effortless to ride. Along with the cleated footrests, it all means you can concentrate on fern-dodging and where to put the front wheel.
Unlike an ICE moto, terrain permitting an electic bike is most efficient with the throttle at the stop and hard acceleration doesn’t consume power like it does on an ICE. Despite its optimal traction and light weight, the low power rating means it’ll only climb 1:4 at which point the short-action throttle is pinned. If you run out of go it’s dead easy to hop off and push. Even with my weight, I found what looks like basic suspension well suited to the bike’s speed potential and the terrain we rode. It’s operation never intruded on my ride and it never bottomed out.
I can’t say I noticed the 2WD, apart from wheel-spinning when pulling away on loose dirt, but it rode as on rails despite the Kenda trials-pattern tyres being at road pressures. The 2×2 has no negative effect on the steering, probably quite the opposite, but you barely notice it. Just like I found myself pressing air for the foot brake, it probably takes a while to believe and then fully exploit the front end’s drive. And no, it won’t be more efficient in one-wheel drive (like old-school 4x4s could be) – the small motors are designed to work most efficiently together. As you can see below, the air-cooled hub motors (the only part of the bike which gets hot) aren’t fazed by shallow water crossings either.
Sure, the MTB handlebars were way too low when standing up, and there was nothing to brace the legs against. But the UBCO is so light and power levels so manageable it didn’t really matter. When sitting down I found my knees banged against the frame, but some trousers or pipe lagging would fix that.Just like a DCT Honda, the lack of gear changing or fear of stalling really frees the mind to deal with other things, meaning you can ride more smoothly and have more fun doing so. Before I got my current Himalayan I considered adapting a DCT NC750X into something akin to the Rally Raid CB500X. To me this is one of the greatest benefits of electric bikes. Doing the same ninety minutes riding on any sort of ICE dirt bike would have left me comparatively worn out.The fast-paced off-roading we did would give you about 40 miles range – you’ll get nearly twice that on a flat road at 20mph. And the regen braking means coming down a long pass actually adds a bit of charge. The dash info is basic and includes the temperature of each motor, but you can change or monitor various functions with the bike bluetoothed (or some such) to a smartphone app. Lights are LEDs up to a very bright 2200 lumens.
At the end of the ride I was able to nose the front wheel against the back of the trailer, turn the handle and let it climb up. But even without the 2×2 or even the utility element, like the Sachs moped above, the UBCO can also pass as a cool-looking urban runabout. In the right setting it would be a great way of nipping around without frightening the horses.
In 1967 the Electric Vehicle Association claimed that Britain had more battery-electric vehicles on its roads than the rest of the world put together. Almost all were milk floats (right) rated at around 8-10Kw and with a range of 50-60 miles. Even then, the first Golden Age of electric vehicles can be dated back to the start of the 20th century when, in the US for example, 40% of cars were steam-powered, 38% were electric (about 34,000 in total), and just 22% were dirty, smelly, noisy, rough-running ICEs. Then major oil fields were discovered around the world and before domestic air travel became the norm, the interstate road network went on to outstrip the railroads. Now there are well over a billion ICE road vehicles in the world, about 20% of which are bikes. The total number of EVs surpassed 3 million in 2018, a 50% increase over 2016.
The future will be electric, again. That may well be the case in urban settings or for other short-range applications. In 2008, alongside the more common pushbikes I was amazed to see electric scooters ( right ) whooshing around the streets of Kashgar, western China. And in Auckland last week I was equally intrigued to see dock-free e-scooters ( left ) either left on the pavement or whizzing about between pedestrians.
But any form of trans-continental overlanding in the less-rich AMZone will probably be the last place to see e-motos. The world is just too divided between rich and poor, urban or rural. Just as with fast internet or mobile phone masts, the cost of installing the necessary infrastructure everywhere is too great. It’s an overlanding quandary which has become analogous with diesel cars. Low-emission engines designed to run the low-sulphur fuel sold in rich countries will play up on the old, high-sulphur stuff sold in some parts of South America, Africa and Asia where emission regs are less strict and ‘Euro 5’ is a football tournament. So while in the next decade you might be able to ride your e-moto across Europe or North America, as things stand Cairo to Cape or Prudhoe Bay to Ushuaia will be a challenge for a long while.
Visualising a sunshine-powered, off-road coast-to-coast traverse of Australia, similar to their World Solar Challenge race, I asked the UBCO tech guy would the necessary 400-w solar trailer (about two panels on the left) do the job? No. A battery can’t be charged and discharged at the same time, but a spare battery could be charged. Broome to Adelaide at 30mph max would sure give you plenty of time to get a nice sun tan. Some say the specific problem with electric motorcycles (as opposed to e-bikes, cars or trams) is that, price apart, with the available technology the weight vs power or range doesn’t add up with current perceived expectations of what a motorcycle can do. It ends up either too heavy, too slow or runs out of charge too soon. But even Harley’s turbine-smooth Livewire ( above ) only weighs 210kg, does 0-60 like a 701 and might last 100 miles. We’ll know more (or not) when the Long Way Up comes out this autumn. Other electric bikes will do better. As we approach the fabled Tipping Point you’d hope things can only get better.
‘Office to off road,’ Carbondale entrepreneur introduces the new all-electric Terra Bike
Like a lot of people, Dylan Brown sought shelter from the COVID-19 storm in 2020 by retreating to an out-of-the-way, uncrowded place to ride things out — in his case the Utah desert.
Brown didn’t just hunker down, though, he eventually went to work to build a better bike.
The impetus was a plan to set out on some road trips with a raft to run the desert country river stretches.
After moving in with his parents in Escalante, the Glenwood Springs native and his fiancee, Sarah, were looking for a different way to run shuttle on rafting trips that didn’t involve ride shares or hitchhiking, and the inherent risk of disease spread that presented.
A mode of transportation that would be open-air and could be transported with a basic bike rack was also preferred.
An avid mountain biker, Brown started looking at e-bike options to ease the ride and make better time on the typical 15- to 20-mile returns upstream to retrieve the transport vehicle.
“I started looking at what was out there, and didn’t see anything that would have the range and speed that we needed to hop on a county road and be safe,” Brown said.
With the forced down time after suspending his work as a commercial photographer when he couldn’t travel due to the COVID restrictions, he decided to turn his efforts toward coming up with a transportation solution.
The end result is the Terra Bike, an all-electric motorcycle without the pedal assist that falls in the same classification for licensing purposes as a moped. The bikes are equipped with a 72-volt rechargeable battery, and can reach a top speed of 55 mph with a 60-mile range.
Brown is now ramping up for on-demand production of the slick new e-cycle this year, and in the meantime can often be seen riding and showing off his working prototype model, the Terra Prime, around Carbondale.
Initially, to aid on those river trips, Brown ordered up the parts to build a Stealth Bomber bike — a juiced-up type of electric pedal-assist bicycle, or e-bike, that had become popular as a racing machine in China and more recently in Australia.
“I built it in like four months, and it was really fun and I learned a lot,” he said. “But there were definitely some things that I came to realize that I absolutely didn’t like.”
Namely, the more powerful the motor the more bike pedals just tend get in the way and end up becoming a protrusion on which to bash your shins.
Brown also wanted his bike to be versatile enough to navigate muddy, dirt trails and ride pavement. That meant he needed to design a better center of gravity for the motor, and also find a way to contain the motor, battery and controls in a waterproof compartment.
He credits his dad, Ricki Brown, with the background knowledge of motorcycles that helped him with the design. His dad always had a motorcycle rebuild project in his shop when Dylan was growing up. That helped him develop his own love for classic motorcycles.
But a motorcycle wasn’t practical for what he was trying to accomplish. Plus, he didn’t care for the grease, the pollution and, “honestly, the noise” of a motorcycle, Brown said.
There was definitely something to be said for the design, though.
He took his ideas to the drawing board, and came up with the Terra Bike — a low-powered electric motorcycle that’s versatile enough for commuting to and from the office or errands around town to ripping dirt trails. The bikes come with street-legal head, brake and indicator lights and a horn.
Critical to the final design was to come up with a fully water- and dust-proof enclosure with watertight seals for the motor, battery, electronic components and charging port.
“Think about trying to go over Cottonwood Pass or up on top of McClure Pass, and it’s raining,” Brown said. “It doesn’t matter how much you seal a regular e-bike, water ingress is the real issue that can cause problems.”
Brown grew up in Glenwood Springs, graduating from Glenwood High School and going on to study civil engineering at the University of Utah, before deciding in his junior year that wasn’t what he wanted to do.
He switched majors to photojournalism, and also started racing mountain bikes on the Rocky Mountain circuit until an injury ended that pursuit.
He worked in newspapers in Utah and Montana, and then for a bike magazine before becoming a commercial photographer, which he’s been doing for the past dozen or so years.
His engineering studies came into play through his work mapping out photo shoots for commercial advertising, especially in working with fabricators and engineers to get the right angles for the latest mountain bike models.
“I also got to ride a lot of different bikes, so I could understand the geometry and what they were trying to capture (in the ads),” he said.
All of that definitely came in handy when it was time to design the Terra Bike.
“The idea behind the bike was to keep it as lightweight as possible, because anything electric, the more weight you put on it the more strain it’s going to have on the battery,” Brown said.
Currently, the end product weighs 160 pounds, including a mid-drive, 3-kilowatt motor, which is different from standard pedal-assist e-bikes that have the motor in the rear hub or combo rear/front hub.
“Living in Carbondale, I wanted to be able to go up to places like the (motor bike) trails on The Crown or up Transfer Trail and rip some trails,” he said.
That meant placing the gearing where the center of gravity is lower and centered on the bike.
By keeping the motor at 3 kilowatts, the Terra Bike is classified as a moped, so a full driver’s license is not needed.
It combines mountain bike, e-bike and motorcycle components for a crossover design that combines some of the best performance features of each.
For instance, there’s a sturdier downhill mountain bike fork with a typical mountain bike headset, handlebars and e-bike style piston brakes.
Brown said he initially looked at incorporating mountain bike wheels, but that was where the motorcycle dirt bike design ended up coming into the mix.
The Terra Bike comes equipped with a 19-by-1.85 inch dirt bike rims and 10-gauge spokes, with a custom rear hub Brown has sourced from a shop in Denver. This allows the bike to hold speeds of 55 mph.
James Bleakley, a custom mountain bike frame builder out of Fort Collins, helped Brown with the frame design that’s now used with the final product.
The motor has three speed modes, including a lower mode, called “city mode,” that tops out at 25 miles per hour, then a mid-range for up to 40 mph and high-speed mode for up to 55. The bike is not legal for the RIO Grande Trail and is not recommended for longer stretches on state highways, but is fine for county roads and forest routes, Brown said.
“If you’re riding sub-30 miles per hour, you’ll get 60 miles or more on a charge,” he said. “And if you’re riding at 55, you’ll probably get more like 45-50 miles. So, it’s really speed and acceleration dependent, just like driving a gas motor.”
Brown said his ideal customer for the Terra Bike ranges from the city commuter to someone looking for a new toy to take out onto the backcountry trails.
Someone like Draper White, one of Brown’s first customers who is looking forward to owning his own Terra Bike.
“I never really considered myself a dirt bike person, but I liked the idea of having an electric bike that’s quiet and that I can get on the back of my Subaru,” White said. “I do a bit of elk hunting, so it will be nice to take up to spot where I can’t drive my car.”
On nice days, it can also be a way to get from his home in Missouri Heights to his work studio in Basalt.
“It’s also another fun thing to ride around the dirt roads, and just another way to explore.”
Brown said he’s gearing up for a pilot run of 10 bikes, most of which are already spoken for. Reservations are also being taken for bike deliveries in November or December of this year.
Post Independent interim Managing Editor and senior reporter John Stroud can be reached at email@example.com or at 970-384-9160.
OSET Electric Dirt Bikes
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Designed for off road adventuresFor adults and teenagers. up to 90 kgRRP: £3399.00
Why a cargo electric bike changed my life!
Find the right bike and you find your calling, right? With the help of our PAKYAK E cargo e-bike, that’s exactly what happened when these riders got their cargo electric bikes.
than just a cargo e-bike
Everyone knows someone within their circle, or at least a friend of a friend who’s ridden forever. We’re not talking about athletes or bike couriers that do it for a living. but normal people who switched to riding as a way of life. Have you ever wondered why?
Some people probably only ride once in a blue moon, for example, when they’re exploring on vacation. But, for those of us who’ve invested in a bike. or an e-bike in particular, those two wheels are a serious companion, like an extension of yourself.
We spoke to three inspirational cargo e-bike fans who told us how their cargo e-bikes helped them fulfill their dreams.
I can travel without limits. Bryce LaDuc
No one loves traveling with their dogs more than Bryce LaDuc. She’s a freelance marketer and content creator, famous for sharing stories about how she and long-term boyfriend Paul explore breath-taking landscapes with their furry friends. Whether they’re on one of their epic hikes in the Adirondack Mountains or picking up something at a local store, their dogs Arlo and Finn always tag along. What makes Finn unique is the fact that he is a 16-year-old dog with paralyzed back legs, making their hikes a little bit challenging.
The family initially lived in New York, then moved to Oregon and finally Nevada. It was during their time in Oregon when they truly discovered their love for exploring the great outdoors with their dogs. They initially relied on a van to transport the whole family and would plan according to Finn’s limited mobility. When the PAKYAK E cargo electric bike came into their lives, everything changed. Because it’s a powerful electric bike capable of carrying heavy loads, Arlo could easily fit in the rear basket while Finn is pulled in his wagon. And there is still plenty of space for the couple to carry their own packs, dogs’ gear, food and more!
“Whether it’s a ride through the neighborhood, a trip to the local pet store, a ride up through the mountains or down a dirt road, no matter the terrain, he’s (Finn) now able to join in the fun! The PAKYAK E cargo electric bike has been an incredible addition to our pack because it allows us to adventure all together,” said Bryce. The e-bike enabled her to live the life she loves with the ones she loves – no compromises.
I can live a sustainable urban lifestyle. Junior Schouten
Junior Schouten isn’t your typical New York urbanite with an office job. He believes cities and nature can coexist, which is why he chased after his dream job as the Head Gardener and Head Beekeeper at Brooklyn Grange. The organization is a network of urban farms that provide city dwellers with fresh fruits, vegetables, and flowers. The green spaces are so beautiful they’re sometimes used for weddings, corporate events and more! Its goal is essentially to promote sustainable living for all.
Junior’s daily journey starts at the Brooklyn Grange HQ. He then makes different stops across the city to deliver whatever each farming site might need that day. “Taking huge quantities of soil and fertilizer across New York’s traffic seemed impossible at first until I found out about cargo e-bikes and Momentum’s PAKYAK E. Even though you have loads of weight on the bike, the PAKYAK E cargo e-bike is still easy to maneuver, and you can cruise through traffic thanks to the pedal-assist,” enthuses Junior. In essence, the bike does the heavy lifting. Its sturdy kickstand also lets him park wherever it’s convenient so he can unload the heavy cargo without having to carry it too far or worrying the contents might spill over.
In a world where it feels like most of us are trapped in a rat race, we admire Junior for staying true to his calling in life. Choosing a cargo e-bike is definitely a statement for sustainable living. Not only does it reduce our personal carbon footprint, contributes to cleaner air and encourages an urban cycling movement, but it also makes our lives so much easier.
I can share my love of healthy eating with my family. Catherine McCord
We all have a go-to person for yummy food recommendations. For hundreds of thousands of people, that’s Catherine McCord, the brainchild behind Weelicious. Having built a career working at gourmet restaurants, she knew her life’s calling would always center around food. But when she settled down in LA and became a mom, her priorities changed. Watching her kids have fun cooking and enjoy eating healthy meals helped her realize the importance of instilling healthy habits from a young age. So she started taking them with her on her visits to the local farmer’s market on her PAKYAK E cargo electric bike.
“I can’t believe just how much I’m able to carry no matter where I’m headed in LA. It’s gotten to the point that I don’t even want to drive my car any longer and the PAKYAK E cargo e-bike is so easy to maneuver and makes me feel incredibly free,” says Catherine.
Catherine started building her influence by launching Weelicious, a website full of healthy and family friendly recipes. She then went on to publish two cookbooks and launch an organic meal delivery kit service called One Potato. We’re in awe of how much she’s accomplished! But what inspires us most, are the many ways she engages her family so that they can all live a healthier lifestyle.
Learn more about Catherine’s life and follow her for delicious recipes at @weelicious
Live the life you want
As you can see, a cargo electric bike really can make the world of difference to you – and your family’s lives. So whether you want to live more sustainably, or share your passions with your family – and furry family – the PakYak E cargo electric bicycle, is your do-it-all companion.
If you want to know more about cargo electric bikes, check out our article on 10 reasons to buy a cargo e-bike!
UBCO 2X2 Work Bike – Black
A solid mud-ready workhorse. Built purely for off-road riding. Perfect for farm use and off-road adventure.
- 50kph | 30mph Top speed
- 66-71kg | 145-156lb Weight incl. power supply
- 70-120km | 43-75mi Max range
- 4-6 hours Charge time (Includes Fast Charger)
The Ultimate Farm Assistant
All work and no play is a thing of the past, with the 2X2 all-wheel drive, off-roading powerhouse. Take a ride on the world’s mightiest motorbike, and transform everyday activities into an adventure. This mud-ready mount is the steed you never knew you needed, featuring a robust alloy frame, weatherproofing, fuel-free design that has the oomph to take you up to 120 kilometres per charge.
Drive The Herd
At a generous 48 kph, you’ll have no trouble keeping the herd heading in the right direction. Get where you need to go quickly and conveniently, whether it’s a routine task, an emergency, or a hot meal waiting for you at home. All-terrain and able to carry up to 150 kg, the 2X2 is a two-wheel workhorse that won’t let you down.
Every Acre At Your Fingertips
There’s traction, there’s torque, and there’s a low centre of gravity designed to make your ride effortless and fun.
Lightweight and versatile, it’s easy to haul the 2X2 wherever you need it to be. 19 lugs reinforce the frame to grant maximum durability, with additional attachments and an adapter pack available to provide secure transport of your farm tools and equipment.
Rugged And Durable
The durable 2X2 is rugged and reliable, allowing you to navigate each day on the ranch with minimal maintenance.
This bike is innovated to promote sustainability throughout the full life-cycle, from raw materials to manufacturing to distribution. We’ve designed this state of the art motorbike to compete with the best of them, creating a vehicle that is fully compatible with your lifestyle and needs.
This Off-Road Electric Bike is not to be missed. Whether you are interested in doing your part to protect the planet or you need a rugged workhorse, this bike has your back.