E-Bike Regulation & Standards in the European Union: An Overview. Rohs ebike battery

E-Bike Regulation Standards in the European Union: An Overview

E-bikes are subject to various regulations and safety standards in the European Union. These cover everything mechanical safety of the bike frame to battery safety and electrical compliance requirements.

In this guide, we explain what importers and manufacturers must know about the Machinery Directive, EN 15194, CE marking, documentation, and lab testing requirements applicable to e-bikes.

We Help Brands Importers With Product Compliance (US EU)

  • Book a free consultation call today with Ivan Malloci to learn how we can help you with:
  • Product Requirements Lists
  • Product Certification
  • Product Packaging Labeling
  • Lab Testing

Machinery Directive

The Machinery Directive applies to most energy-powered machinery products placed on the EU market. It sets mandatory health and safety requirements and harmonised standards.

e-bike, regulation, standards, european, union, overview

Importers and manufacturers should comply with these requirements before importing e-bikes to the EU. Further, they should also prepare required label files and documents such as a technical file, and test reports.

Product scope

a. A set of parts that can be put together and includes a drive system with at least one movable component

b. A set of parts that are already assembled and may have moving components, to lift heavy items via human-assisted efforts

  • E-bikes
  • Treadmills
  • Interchangeable equipment
  • Safety components
  • Chains

EN 15194 – Cycles – Electrically power assisted cycles – EPAC Bicycles

EN 15194 has been harmonised under the Machinery Directive, which means that it provides a presumption of conformity with the technical requirements of the directive.

The standard includes requirements and test methods to cover common significant dangers that might be caused by e-bikes, including for:

  • The engine power management systems
  • The electrical circuits
  • The charging system

Finally, EN 15194 applies to e-bikes that have a saddle height of 635 mm or more, and are thought to be used on public roads.


E-bikes manufactured in China, and other countries outside the EU, are not necessarily designed to comply with EN 15194. It’s therefore essential to request EN 15194 and other relevant lab test reports before buying ODM e-bikes from overseas factories.

Further, you must also ensure that the e-bike is correctly labelled (e.g. serial number and CE mark). The battery must also comply with all applicable EU regulations.

RoHS Directive

The RoHS Directive regulates certain hazardous substances (e.g. heavy metals and phthalates) in electronic products and components, including e-bikes. Many electronic components can be found in e-bikes, such as the battery, circuits, and wires.

Therefore, importers and manufacturers should ensure that all parts of E-bikes contain an acceptable level of restricted substances before entering the EU market.

Product scope

The manufacture and importation of e-bikes and their components and accessories are subject to RoHS restrictions. The RoHS Directive covers categories of products such as:

  • Sports and leisure equipment
  • Lighting equipment
  • Telecommunications equipment

As such, products covered by the RoHS and relevant to e-bikes include examples such as:

  • LED lighting and fluorescent lamps
  • Electric motors
  • Circuits
  • Electrical wires
  • Wi-Fi or Bluetooth devices

Restricted substances

The RoHS Directive provides a list of substances and their restriction limits concerning their maximum concentration values:

RoHS Components

RoHS applies to every single electrical or electronic component of your e-bikes. With that said, you should ensure that you only use RoHS-compliant components when manufacturing your products.

This in turn requires that you instruct your supplier to only procure components that are RoHS compliant.

RoHS Symbol

RoHS does not require the “RoHS symbol” to show compliance, and the symbol has no legal meaning by itself. However, many suppliers choose to use the symbol to help identify RoHS-compliant products.


Some electronic components used in the e-bike industry may contain excessive amounts of heavy metals or other restricted substances. Instruct your supplier to only procure RoHS-compliant components and materials before entering production.

EMC Directive

The EMC Directive sets requirements to limit electromagnetic interference among products and ensure that electronic devices do not interfere with each other. This includes requirements for e-bikes and their chargers.

Product scope

The EMC Directive covers a wide range of electronic products, and includes e-bikes such as the following:

  • Pedal-assisted electric bikes
  • Speed pedelec electric bikes
  • Throttle electric bikes

Products that may be used in conjunction with e-bikes are also covered by the EMC Directive and include items such as:

  • Lighting products (e.g., LED lighting)
  • LED displays
  • Lithium batteries
  • Electrical motors (e.g. DC brushed motors)

Low Voltage Directive (LVD)

The Low Voltage Directive (LVD) applies to electronic devices with the input/output range of 50 to 1000 V in alternating current or 75 to 1500 V in direct current. This directive applies to e-bike accessories such as AC adapters.

Product scope

The Low Voltage Directive covers many electronic products that can be plugged into a power socket, so long as their input or output voltage parameters fall between 50 and 1000 V for alternating current, and 75 and 1500 V for direct current.

Electronic devices covered by the LVD include products such as the following:

Radio Equipment Directive

The Radio Equipment Directive (RED) sets a regulatory framework for the placement on the market of radio equipment. It establishes requirements that aim to ensure that the radio spectrum is efficiently used and products are electromagnetically compatible, as well as making sure that the products are safe.

Product scope

The RED covers radio equipment that can be used in conjunction with e-bikes, such as the following:

E-Bike Lab Testing

Lab testing is in practice mandatory when importing or manufacturing e-bikes in the EU. For starters, you need to arrange lab testing corresponding to the harmonised standards under the following directives:

  • Machinery Directive
  • Low Voltage Directive
  • EMC Directive
  • RoHS Directive
  • Radio Equipment Directive

The test reports must also be included in the technical documentation, which is covered below in this guide. Other than that, battery testing is also important.

It’s also important to note that different tests apply to different parts of the bike. Here are some examples:

  • Electrical safety: AC adapter
  • Battery safety testing: Lithium battery
  • Mechanical safety: Bike frame

CE Marking

E-bike products must be labelled with the CE mark on the product and its packaging, as they fall under several CE directives such as Low Voltage, EMC, and Machinery Directive.

e-bike, regulation, standards, european, union, overview

Label file

It’s the importer’s responsibility to create the CE label file, and then submit it to the supplier. Further, importers should inform the supplier of the following information:

Product Traceability

E-bike importers and manufacturers should also provide a permanent traceability code to the product and its packaging. The traceability code should at least include the following information:

  • Product type
  • Batch or serial number
  • Company name
  • Company address
  • Contact information


Before importing e-bikes to the EU, importers and manufacturers should prepare the required documents under CE directives such as the:

e-bike, regulation, standards, european, union, overview
  • Machinery Directive
  • RoHS Directive
  • Low Voltage Directive
  • EMC Directive
  • Radio Equipment Directive

In this section, you find an overview of the required CE documentation.

Declaration of Conformity (DoC)

The Declaration of Conformity is a primary document that is often requested by retailers, marketplaces and market surveillants. Either the importer or manufacturer is responsible for issuing the DoC documents, which should include information such as:

  • Product identification
  • Product features
  • Name and address of the manufacturer/importer
  • List of EN standards or directives
  • Location
  • Responsible individual

User Manual

The user manual should be provided with the product in the product package. In general, importers and manufacturers should include the following information in the user manual:

a. Instructions on how to install the product

b. An overview of the relevant parts and part names of the product

d. Instructions on how to use the product

e. Instructions on how to recharge and/or refill the product and

f. Instructions on how to dispose of the product in an environmentally friendly manner

Technical Documentation

The technical file is somehow similar to the product specification, but it should include relevant test reports and other relevant information such as:

  • Bill of materials
  • Design drawings
  • Label files
  • Packaging files
  • List of applied standards and directives (e.g. RoHS)
  • Test reports
  • QC reports
  • Risk assessment

WEEE Directive

The Waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive aims to protect human health and the environment by reducing as much as possible the adverse effects of WEEE and the use of resources. It also aims to improve the usage efficiency of such resources by promoting the collection and recycling of EEE.

Product scope

The WEEE Directive covers a wide range of electrical and electronic equipment, which include products that can be used in conjunction with e-bikes, such as the following:

a. Telecommunication equipment (e.g. GPS devices)

c. Lighting equipment (e.g. LED lights)

d. Leisure and sports equipment


Importers and manufacturers must label and register their electrical and electronic equipment per the WEEE Directive.

Labelling requirements

The WEEE label, which importers and manufacturers are mandated to apply to their EEE products and packaging, is a crossed-out wheeled bin, which means that the product should be sent to a collection facility for recycling.

If importers and manufacturers have placed the product on the market after mid-2005, then they can add a bar beneath the bin label. Alternatively, they can provide the date on which the product was placed on the market.

Registration requirements

Importers and manufacturers of EEE products are required to register their companies with the relevant national authorities, as well as provide information such as the following:

a. The producer’s name, address, contact details, and national identification code

b. Category, type, and brand name of the EEE

c. Information on individual or collective schemes and financial guarantees

e. Declaration stating that the provided information is true

Battery Directive

The Battery Directive regulates most batteries imported and sold in the EU market, including lithium batteries used for e-bikes. Similarly to the RoHS Directive, it also sets limits for the use of harmful substances in lithium battery products, but more stringently.


Importers and manufacturers of batteries are required to properly label their products, as well as follow registration requirements and ensure that their batteries do not contain restricted substances above the limits.

Substance restrictions

Here are some examples of restricted substances under the EU battery directive:

Labelling requirements

Lithium batteries must be labelled with the crossed-out wheeled bin, to indicate that batteries shall be collected separately. As such, importers and manufacturers should provide the label file in.ai or.eps, and instruct the supplier about the Battery Directive requirements.

Registration requirements

Importers and manufacturers are required to register their batteries with relevant registration bodies, and provide information such as the following:

a. Brand and company’s name and address

b. Contact details (phone number, email address, and contact person)

c. Type of battery (e.g. automotive, industrial, portable)

d. Details of product compliance with relevant requirements (e.g. test report)

e. Registration application date

f. Importer or manufacturer’s national identification code, including European or national tax number

g. A statement declaring the authenticity of the provided information

EN Standards

Bicycles, whether electronic or not, must comply with safety requirements before being imported and placed on the market. EN standards provide safety guidelines for different types of bicycles including trekking bicycles, mountain bicycles, and racing bicycles.

e-bike, regulation, standards, european, union, overview

EN standards are generally voluntary but they might also be harmonised under different directives and regulations. Therefore, Importers and manufacturers can utilize them to ensure the safety of their products.

Examples of bicycle EN standards

Here are some examples of standards that apply to e-bikes and bicycles:

a. EN 15194 – Cycles – Electrically power assisted cycles – EPAC Bicycles

b. EN ISO 4210 – Cycles. Safety requirements for bicycles

c. EN 8098 – Cycles – Safety requirements for bicycles for young children

d. EN ISO 11243 – Cycles – Luggage carriers for bicycles – Requirements and test methods

While EN 15194 standard for EPAC bicycles has been harmonised under the Machinery Directive, the other three EN standards listed above are harmonised under the General Product Safety Directive (GPSD).

You can search for more applicable EN standards for e-bikes at www.cencenelec.eu.

Lithium Battery EN Standards

Lithium batteries can be used in conjunction with electronic bicycles – as the power source for the engine and the product’s components or accessories. As such, it is important to ensure that the batteries sold with the product are safe to handle, install, and use.

One way to assess if the lithium batteries are safe to use, is to send them for testing against relevant EN standards.


Here are some examples of EN standards that are relevant for e-bikes:

a. EN 60086-4 – Safety of lithium batteries

b. EN 62133 – Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells

c. EN 61960 – Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications

d. EN IEC 62485-5 – Safe operation of stationary lithium ion batteries

National E-Bike Standards and Regulations in the EU

Many EU countries have specific laws for the use of electric bicycles. Therefore, importers and manufacturers must be aware of the bicycle law when deciding the EU market and make appropriate adjustments to the product specifications.

Below we list three examples of electric bicycle regulations in some EU countries.


250 Watts and a maximum speed of 25km/h e-bikes are allowed. Higher-watt electric motors can only be used with proper insurance.


The maximum nominal motor power output shall not exceed 250 watts and the performance speed shall not exceed 25 km/h.


Three types of e-bikes are allowed in Belgium:

  • 250 Watt and a maximum speed of 25km/h e-bikes;
  • 1000 Watt and a maximum speed of 25km/h e-bikes with conformity certificate;
  • 4000 Watt and a maximum speed of 45km/h e-bikes with conformity certificate

Other Information

Here we list some additional regulations that are relevant to e-bikes.


While RoHS only covers certain heavy metals and chemicals in electronic components, REACH regulates chemicals and heavy metals in consumer products sold in the EU. Some materials, such as plastic bike handles, paints and coatings may contain excessive amounts of restricted substances.

UN 38.3

UN 38.3 provides requirements regarding the transportation of lithium metal batteries and lithium-ion batteries by air, such as documentation, labelling, and testing.

Compliance with UN 38.3 is necessary in the EU because the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) mandates that lithium batteries must respect UN 38.3 requirements before shipping the products by air.

Labelling requirements

Labelling requirements include items such as the following on the packaging:

  • “Cargo Aircraft Only” label
  • Lithium battery mark label
  • Class 9 lithium battery hazard label
  • “UN” and the Proper Shipping Name
  • The UN Number
  • The shipper’s and consignee’s address
  • Net mass

Documentation requirements

Documentation might include:

Testing requirements

Finally, it might be necessary to test your batteries against one or more of the following standards:

  • Test T.1: Altitude Simulation
  • Test T.2: Thermal Test
  • Test T.3: Vibration
  • Test T.4: Shock
  • Test T.5: External Short Circuit
  • Test T.6: Impact/Crush
  • Test T.7: Overcharge
  • Test T.8: Forced Discharge

Directive on Packaging and Packaging Waste

The Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive aims to reduce the negative environmental impact of packaging waste by harmonizing how packaging and packaging waste is managed across the European Union.

The directive restricts the following heavy metals in packaging and packaging waste to 100 ppm:

Extended Product Responsibility

The directive also establishes requirements for the Extended Product Responsibility (EPR) scheme. It requires importers and manufacturers in the EU to be financially responsible for their products at the post-consumer stage, by paying an EPR organization to collect and recycle discarded packaging and packaging waste.

Examples of EPR organisations include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Product Requirements Lists
  • Product Certification
  • Product Packaging Labeling
  • Lab Testing

Find US and EU Compliance Requirements for Your Products

Disclaimer: The Site cannot and does not contain legal advice. The legal information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional advice. Accordingly, before taking any actions based upon such information, we encourage you to consult with the appropriate professionals. We do not provide any kind of legal advice. THE USE OR RELIANCE OF ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED ON THE SITE IS SOLELY AT YOUR OWN RISK.

Sources: Our articles are written in part based on publicly available information, and our own practical experience relating to product compliance. These are some of the primary sources we use:

Yvette Shen graduated with a BA in Psychology from Menlo College, California, US. She has fully translated an autobiography from Chinese to English. She also worked as content writer for startups in the AI tech industry, where she was responsible for creating interactive content, and testing, and troubleshooting content for improving user user experience.

Create a Compliance Requirements List

Find relevant EU US certification, labeling testing requirements in less than 2 minutes.

Electric Bike Batteries for Eunorau, X-Treme, Revi, Bakcou, Quietkat

We carry a wide range of electric bike batteries, mostly for the brands that we carry. These include ebike batteries for Eunorau, X-Treme, Revi, and many more. Here are the ebike batteries offered by the brands we carry. If you need help replacing an ebike battery, give us a call. To learn more about electric bike batteries, you can read our Ebike Battery FAQ blog post.

Eunorau 48V/12.5Ah | 48V/17.5Ah Seat Tube Silver Fish Battery for E-FAT-MN E-FAT-STEP Eunorau from 399 499

Eunorau 48V/14Ah 48V/17Ah Second Battery Options for FAT-HS | G20-Cargo | Max-Cargo | Defender-S | Specter-S | Specter-ST | META275 META275 Step Thru Eunorau from 469 569

Eunorau 48V/15Ah | 48V/17Ah Replace and Upgrade Battery for FAT-HS Defender-S Eunorau from 499 599

Eunorau 48V/16Ah | 48V/25Ah Reention Dorado ID-MAX Battery for Fat-HD, Fat-AWD UHVO (48V) Eunorau 1 review from 499 599

Ebike Styles

Really Good Ebikes

⚡30 N. Gould St., Sheridan WY 82801

⚡Our Mission: Provide the best online ebike shopping experience, and help people start their own ebike businesses

Best E-Bike Batteries – What to Look Out for When Buying?

MXS ebike battery pack has passed UL, CE, MSDS, ROHS safety certifications.High quality electric core equipped with a 20A BMS protective plate to prevent from over charge, over discharge, over current short circuit

MXS ebike battery pack has passed UL, CE, MSDS, ROHS safety certifications.High quality electric core equipped with a 20A BMS protective plate to prevent from over charge, over discharge, over current short circuit

Electric bike batteries are one of the most important components of any electric bike and surprisingly almost all first-time riders overlook it. If you are looking for the best e-bike battery to enjoy your ride powering through the neighborhood or out in the hills, you are at the right place.

In this guide, I’ve reviewed 4 of the most powerful and budget friendly battery packs for electric bikes that also give you more range on a single charge.

Ebike Battery Guide – All You Need to Know About Ebikes Batteries

Whether you are an adrenaline junkie who likes to burst through on the road or a leisure rider who wants to enjoy a long and calm ride, one of these 4 electric bike battery packs might be a great option for you.

Top 4: Best E-Bike Battery

#1. SHUNBIN 48V 20Ah E-bike Battery

Performance is everything when it comes to buying the best e-bike batteries for riding in the hills. And the SHUNBIN 48V battery might be an interesting choice.

It has a large charge capacity that facilitates storing enough charge to travel 48 miles on a single charge. Fancy right? You don’t have to worry about standing still in the middle of nowhere waiting for your battery to charge magically.

The battery has good shock resistance which makes it an ideal choice for riders who like to cycle in rough terrains. The lightweight and small size aids in going uphill without putting a lot of stress on the battery.

To top it off, the battery has good charge retention and over-discharge resistance. This means your battery won’t lose significant chunks of battery when in storage, neither you have to worry about overcharging in case you forget your charger plugged in.

However, the battery might be difficult to fit on the frame due to the rectangular shape and you might need a shelf to attach it to the brackets.

  • 48V 20AH Electric Bike Lithium Battery with PVC.
  • Applications: E-Bike, Electric Bike, E-Scooter.
  • package included: 1. 48V 20AH Lithium Battery with.
  • Working Temperature:.20C-65C, Peak Discharge.
  • Cycle Life:1000 times

#2. Greenergia Ebike Battery

Greenergia’s e-bike battery is known to have high power density for a smaller package. With a 48V nominal voltage and a rated capacity of 20 Ah, the battery delivers more speed and power to help you overcome any steep slopes.

Unlike all other premium batteries, this e-bike battery has a life of 2000 cycles. A great investment for someone who rides regularly and requires a battery with a long lifespan.

Every battery is equipped with a protective plate that keeps the battery safe from over-charge, over-discharge, and short circuits. This can increase the life expectancy of the battery and significantly decrease the capacity drop when the battery ages.

However, the downside of this e-bike battery is the weight. Weight component acts in opposite direction when going uphill and can decrease acceleration and speed. Exactly why if your neighborhood has steep slopes, you might need to take battery’s weight into account.

over, the connector cables are short which might be a problem when adjusting it to the frame and motor of the e-bike.

Leave a Comment