E-Bike Classes – What to Know. Class three electric bike

E-Bike Classes – What to Know

Did you know that there are different laws that apply to the various classes of electric bikes? Did you know that e-bikes are now grouped into three classes? Depending on what state you live in and what type of e-bike you have, you may have to follow one rule or another in order to avoid a citation. We’ll help you figure out your e-bike’s class and understand what important rules apply to your riding.

What’s Going on with E-Bike Classes?

When e-bikes first became popular, there were no laws governing how they could be used. What speed limit should apply? Can you ride an e-bike in designated bike-only spaces? Some states applied laws to e-bikes as if they were mopeds or other motor vehicles, enacting confusing licensing and equipment regulations that made no sense.

In 2015, California adopted a 3-Class approach to regulating e-bike use, where different laws apply based on the type of e-bike. So far 35 other states have followed suit with this standardized PeopleForBikes model law. The remaining states have laws regulating e-bikes as well, with some considering e-bikes to be motor vehicles and some regulating them as bicycles.

A Primer on E-Bike Mechanics

Before we get into the specific classes of e-bikes, there are a couple of quick details about e-bikes you need to know. The point of an electric bicycle is that it uses a motor to turn the bike wheels so you don’t have to pedal, either as hard or at all. There are two ways that e-bikes can achieve this: pedal assistance and throttle.

Pedal assistance means that the bike monitors the level of work you are putting in and responds in kind by providing power to the motor. This allows you to get further and go faster without as much work as a traditional bicycle. However, the motor will not turn on or stay on if you are not pedaling.

In contrast, a throttle allows the e-bike motor to turn on even if you are not pedaling. Typically located on the handlebar, this device is similar to an electric scooter or a motorcycle. This distinction is important for the different classes of e-bikes, and you will see why below.

What Are the Three E-Bike Classes?

The three classes of e-bikes are very straightforward, and it will not be hard for you to figure out which type of e-bike you own. You can either review these descriptions or do a quick search in your e-bike’s user manual.

Class 1

Class 1 e-bikes provide only pedal assistance. This assistance stops once the bike has reached 20 miles per hour (mph). These are most likely to be regulated like traditional bicycles, as they have the lowest capability. Without a throttle, the user must keep pedaling in order to activate the motor and continue getting assistance. Keep in mind, though, as with all classes of e-bikes, it is possible to exceed the 20 mph limit by pedaling or when going down a hill.

Class 2

Class 2 e-bikes have a throttle-operated motor. This makes it possible to ride without pedaling at all. Similar to Class 1 e-bikes, the motor stops providing assistance at 20 mph; however, you can still pedal to achieve higher speeds.

Class 3

Similar to Class 1 e-bikes, Class 3 e-bikes provide pedal assistance. But unlike other classes, they have a pedal assistance limit of 28 mph. Depending on the state, some Class 3 e-bikes also are allowed to have a throttle (usable up to 20 mph), whereas some states ban Class 3 throttles altogether.

If you are not sure which class your e-bike fits in, you can easily find out with a quick Google search of your e-bike brand and model or by reading over your bike’s user manual. Once you know what type of e-bike you have, you can move on to learning more about the specific rules governing your e-bike usage.

What Are the Rules for the Three E-bike Classes?

We will go over the model laws provided by PeopleForBikes since this has been widely accepted and applies to two-thirds of states. However, these will only give you an idea of the main regulations since many states have additional laws on top of these. Therefore, regardless of where you live, double-check your state and local laws. Also keep an eye out for additional regulations for, say, biking in your neighborhood parks.

The major issues that the e-bike regulations cover relate to access (to bike lanes, parks, etc) and usage (wearing helmets, age restrictions, etc). Some states have further restrictions on the classes of e-bikes. For example, California does not allow Class 3 e-bikes to have throttles. Meanwhile, Colorado and Washington do not allow e-bikes to have electric motors above 750 watts, effectively limiting speed. You should learn more about the restrictions in your state before investing in an e-bike of your own.

Class 1

Generally closest to traditional bicycles, Class 1 e-bikes have the fewest restrictions. They typically can be ridden wherever traditional bikes are allowed. This includes bike lanes on roads and bike paths in parks. Most states do not have regulations for Class 1 riders specifically, though people under 16 are required in many states to wear helmets while riding any class of bicycle or electric bike.

Class 2

Class 2 e-bikes are typically regulated the same as Class 1 e-bikes. However, some states have more regulations because of the addition of the throttle. This is a safety issue because the throttle can continue to power the motor without user input, making it more dangerous for riders and passersby alike. Regarding usage on mountain biking trails, for example, Class 2 e-bikes may be banned altogether from singletrack and downhill-only mountain biking trails.

Class 3

The most highly regulated, Class 3 e-bikes are generally not allowed on bike trails or multi-use trails. This is another safety concern because of the maximum pedal assistance speed of 28 mph, which has been deemed too fast for multi-use trails in many states. Most states do allow Class 3 e-bikes to be used on roads and trails open to motorized public use (for ATVs and other off-road vehicles).

State-Specific Restrictions

Some states also restrict Class 3 e-bike riders to people over 16 years old and require all users, regardless of age, to wear helmets on these e-bikes. You should consult your state and local laws to make sure you do not unknowingly break any that apply to your class of e-bike.

You can find your state’s guidelines by searching your state government website for e-bike regulations. Keep in mind that almost every state gives local governments the authority to add restrictions if they want. So don’t forget to check the guidelines for your city or town. Finally, if you are planning an e-biking trip to a park or forest, you should look up the trail guidelines before you go.

Rules of the Road

No matter what state you live in or what class of e-bike you have, there are certain common courtesies and best practices you should follow. First and foremost, please always wear a helmet when riding a bicycle or e-bike of any class. Even if it is not a legal requirement, it is a minimal effort that can save your life in the event of a crash.

E-bike riders should also keep in mind that speed limits and other driving laws still apply to them. If you are riding on a road, say in a residential area, there is a good chance your e-bike has the ability to exceed the posted speed limit. Despite being on an electric bicycle, it is possible to get a speeding ticket, citation, or fine, so obey the law.

The Sidewalk Question

Bicyclists should avoid biking on sidewalks, as it is dangerous to pedestrians. Instead, use designated bike lanes where available or share the road with cars where legal. When riding an e-bike on a road, be sure to behave like a car and follow the rules of traffic. Stop at stop signs and red lights, and always give pedestrians in the crosswalk the right of way. This is especially true for e-bikes as they can go faster than traditional bicycles and therefore cause more potential injury in a collision.

Right of way is an important rule to know as an e-bike rider. What’s more, this rule applies to both the road and the trail. On multi-use trails, bicyclists must yield to hikers and people on horseback. As horses and other pack animals can get startled by the noises e-bikes make, it is important to give them space and let them pass you before continuing your ride. Finally, downhill riders should yield to uphill riders (since pedaling uphill is obviously harder).

Final Thoughts

Once you know all the state and local rules for your particular e-bike class, you can enjoy your ride, and rest assured that you will not violate any obscure laws. E-biking is a fun and effective way to commute to work, conquer a longer ride, or summit a steeper trail. If you are considering buying an e-bike and wondering if e-bikes are worth it, there are certainly many advantages to consider. You can also take a test ride on an exciting e-bike tour near Colorado Springs to learn more about the techniques and rules for riding an electric bike.

Electric Bike Classes

Many people aren’t aware that Utah state laws recognize three different classes of electric bikes. Before buying or riding an E-bike, you should understand the differences. Read on to learn about each class and which classes The Bike Shoppe carries. If you’re still unsure which e-bike to get, read our buyer’s guide for our whole selection of electric bikes.

Class 1 Electric Bikes

Here’s what defines a Class 1 E-bike:

  • Pedal-assist only
  • No throttle
  • Max assisted speed of 20mph
  • Max motor power limited to 750W

Class 1 E-bikes are pedal assist only. The only way to engage a pedal-assist motor is by good old-fashioned pedaling. There is no throttle of any kind.

Depending on the model of bike, riders can choose between three and five assistance levels. Each level assigns a range of output to the motor that can vary based on how hard or fast the rider pedals. For example, the Bosch system offers four assist levels: Eco, Touring, EMTB, and Turbo. Eco mode will provide up to 40% support while Turbo mode will kick in up to a whopping 250%.

The Bike Shoppe favors Class 1 E-bikes because they are safe and easy to use while offering an impressive amount of assistance. They provide an excellent workout for riders while nearly eliminating intimidating obstacles like hills. Utah treats Class 1 E-bikes like traditional mountain or street bikes, legally allowing them to be ridden where bicycles are permitted, including bike lanes, roads, multiuse trails and bike-only paths. However, take care in checking specific E-bike regulations for your area as rules can change between local, state, and federal agencies.

Class 2 Electric Bikes

Here’s what defines a Class 2 E-bike:

Class 2 throttle-assist E-bikes combine pedal-assist with throttle-assist. This class is often subject to additional restrictions and may not be the best option for non-motorized singletrack trails. Studies show that class 2 E-bikes can cause greater damage to trails than traditional bikes or even other E-bikes. The throttle actuation can cause these to be more difficult to ride and less safe than other types of E-bikes. At The Bike Shoppe, we’ve chosen not to stock any throttle-assisted E-bikes. It’s our opinion that pedaling is an irreplaceable part of the cycling experience. However, we understand that certain riders may benefit from a throttle-assist. To support these riders, we can order IZIP and Raleigh Class E-bikes.

Class 3 Electric Bikes

Here’s what defines a Class 3 E-bike:

  • Pedal-assist only
  • No throttle
  • Max assist speed of 28mph
  • Max motor power limited to 750W

We call class 3 the commuter class. Regular commuters absolutely love these E-bikes, and they’ve proven to be a realistic replacement for a car. They’re very efficient at getting a rider from point A to point B quickly, and they still provide an excellent workout. Because of their higher max speed, Class 3 electric bikes are prohibited on trails and paths like the Ogden River parkway. They are permitted on roads and on in-road bike lanes.

U.S. Electric Bike Regulations

What makes a bike street legal? Do I need a license for an electric bike? Access QuietKat’s helpful guide to Class 3 Electric Bike Laws and the latest US Electric Regulations to get answers to all your questions.

Whether you’re a seasoned eBiker or a newbie, every rider should be aware of the local and U.S electric bike regulations in their state.

Anyone who is considering purchasing an electric bicycle should understand their legal riding limits. Even veteran eBikers may benefit from a refresher on eBike regulations, as several states have changed their classifications as recently as 2020.

If you’re new to eBiking, you’re not alone; eBikes have become increasingly popular across the U.S. in the last decade. E-Bike popularity has outpaced U.S electric bike regulations and left many states playing catch-up.

E-Bikes have grown in popularity as a fun way to explore outside and an eco-friendly alternative to car-based trips. Electric bikes are popular for recreation, fitness, and commuting. Bikes like those from QuietKat can even go off-road as high-performance electric mountain bikes. E-Bikes are increasingly replacing ATVs as the vehicle of choice for hunting, angling, or Overlanding.

The eBike market grew over 23%-over-year in 2020, with the market projected to grow even more in the next ten years. People across the country continue to discover the benefits of electric bikes to enhance their everyday activities or as an opportunity to explore new terrain. Public Lands organizations also acknowledge the benefits of eBikes and are expanding access to riders across national parks, forests and wilderness areas.

Several U.S. states are still adapting to this Rapid growth in popularity and are navigating the implementation of eBike regulations and classifications. Some states have strict laws for electric bikes. while in other states, eBikes lack a specific vehicle classification, and it’s not clear how they are regulated.

Before you hop on your QuietKat eBike, be sure you understand the current regulations in your state and for anywhere else you plan to ride. QuietKat bikes are great for all-terrain riding, and in most states, they can go almost anywhere off-road vehicles can go. However, if you want to commute on your eBike or ride in the city, you may face a different set of regulations.

Overview of U.S. electric bike regulations

Which states define an electric bicycle?

E-Bike definitions and classification is becoming increasingly common across the U.S. 48 states currently have definitions for eBikes. State legislation usually focuses on whether eBikes classify as traditional bikes, mopeds, or scooters, but definitions still vary across other states.

Adoption of a board tired classification is growing across the country. These 39 states now define eBikes within three standard classes : Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, North Dakota, Missouri, New Mexico, Minnesota, Idaho, Nebraska, Kansas, Alabama, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Hampshire, Nevada, New Jersey, Delaware, New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

Eighteen states classify eBikes using unique definitions; these states are Hawaii, Oregon, Montana, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Washington DC, and Rhode Island.

Eleven states or territories currently have no definitions for eBikes.

Alaska, Puerto Rico, U.S Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

What are the different eBike classifications?

Twenty-six states have adopted a three-tiered classification that designates eBikes as either Class 1, 2, or 3. E-bikes span a wide gap between analog bikes and dirt bikes, and the tiered system of eBike regulations recognizes this. It differentiates between eBike models with varying speed and power capabilities.

Class 1 and 2 bikes are the most common class of eBikes for recreational riders who enjoy mountain biking, hunting, or exploring outdoors. Class 3 eBikes are typically designed to replace a moped or motorcycle and are best suited to urban road use.

States which use the three-tiered classification have near-identical definitions for eBikes, as well as eBike safety and operation requirements.

Three-Tiered Classification:

An eBike is considered Class 1 when it has a top speed of 20 miles per hour and an electric motor that works only with pedaling (pedal assist).

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An eBike will fall into Class 2 if equipped with a throttle-actuated motor. That motor must cease to assist when the eBike reaches 20 miles per hour.

A Class 3 eBike is a bicycle with a motor that provides assistance only if the rider is pedaling and should cease to assist when the eBike reaches 28 miles per hour. Class 3 eBikes are also known as pedelec bikes. Class 3 is the most restricted classification, and some states impose additional safety restrictions for riders on Class 3 cycles.

Is there a speed limit on eBikes in the United States?

Are you feeling a need for speed? The federal speed limit for eBikes is 20 miles per hour or less under motor power alone.

The tiered classification system, adopted by many states, also specifies this speed limit. That classification sets 20 miles per hour as the legal limit for Class 1 2 bikes. Class 3 bikes are limited to speeds up to 28 miles per hour.

The federal law acknowledges and allows for eBikes to travel faster when the rider uses a combination of human pedal and motor power. Local speed restrictions may also apply in specific areas.

Although some states have a specific speed limit for electric bikes, riders should also observe the local speed limits when on roads. Although many bikes can reach 30 miles per hour, you should follow the local limits if they are lower in areas such as school zones.

How old do you have to be to ride an eBike?

Age restrictions for eBikes vary from state to state and are often only applicable to Class 2 or Class 3 electric bikes.

It is best to check the laws specific to your state to see age restrictions. Some states require riders to be over a certain age, while other states only have age requirements for certain classes of eBikes, and some states have no age restrictions.

What states enforce eBike registration?

Most states that define eBikes as vehicles or on the same basis as mopeds will require riders to meet the state’s specific registration requirements. States currently requiring eBike registration are Alabama, Alaska, Hawaii, Louisiana, Massachusetts, New Mexico, North Dakota, Wisconsin, and West Virginia.

Which states have helmet requirements?

Within the U.S.A, 25 states and Washington D.C. currently have helmet requirements for eBike riders and passengers. Five states, Connecticut, Maryland, West Virginia, Massachusetts, and Louisiana, require helmets for all ages and across all eBike classes and bicycles.

Electric bicycle helmet laws across other states can be confusing as they are often specific to particular eBike classes or age groups. However, 25 states have no helmet requirements for any class of eBike or riders of any age.

Typically, states which follow the tiered classification system require helmets at minimum for anyone riding a Class 3 eBike. But helmets are often required for younger riders on other bike classes as well.

Most states which require helmets will accept bicycle helmets. However, Alabama requires a motorcycle helmet because it defines every eBike as a motor-driven cycle. While helmets aren’t legally required in all states, QuietKat does recommend helmets for all eBike riders in the interest of eBike safety.

Helmet laws by age

Around half the states in the U.S currently require children to wear helmets on eBikes at least until they reach a certain age. Helmet regulations most commonly apply only when the rider is under 21, but usually specifically for riders under 14 or 16. Around half of the states in the U.S. require children and teenagers to wear helmets, although we recommend that all children wear helmets even if not legally required.

Delaware, Florida, Maine, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia and Maryland, and Montana require any eBike Rider or their passenger under 16 years of age to wear a helmet.

Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, and New Mexico require anyone under 18 to wear a helmet when on an electric bicycle.

Other states differ on the age up to which they require helmets. Oklahoma has a helmet law for anyone under the age of 19. In New Jersey, all bike riders under 17 must wear a helmet. In West Virginia, bike riders under 15 must wear a helmet and, in New York, bicycle riders under 14 are required to wear a helmet. In Louisiana and Pennsylvania, riders under the age of 12 must wear a helmet.

What states require a license to ride an eBike?

In States where eBikes are classified as mopeds or scooters, they usually require licensing and registration. Alabama, Alaska, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Mexico, Wisconsin, and North Dakota currently require a license to operate an eBike. States using the three-tiered classification system usually exempt electric bikes from registration, licensure, or insurance requirements.

Do I need insurance to ride an eBike?

States which consider eBikes as distinct from motor vehicles do not require the insurance requirements that standard motor vehicles are subject to.

Several states see eBikes as motor vehicles akin to mopeds and require the same license and registration requirements. However, most of those states do not require eBike insurance. Although driver’s insurance is rarely needed, you may wish to add your electric bike to your home and contents insurance to protect against theft or damage.

Where can I use my electric bike?

Each state has different rules about eBike access, and federal land rules also vary.

Roads, sidewalks, and bike paths

Delaware, Iowa and Nebraska, and Vermont all define electric bicycles as on-par with bicycles. Therefore eBikes can operate on any trails and paths where bicycles are allowed. Hawaii’s law does not have any specific restrictions on where e-bikes can be used.

Of the 43 states and D.C. that define eBikes. some state laws, such as in Arizona, Minnesota, Utah, and Washington, specifically allow for eBikes to operate on sidewalks and bicycle paths. However, local governments in these states have the power to impose additional restrictions. Class 3 bikes are more commonly restricted on bike paths and sidewalks as these bikes are allowed to go faster, making them better suited to road use and popular with eBike commuters.

In the following states, eBikes may be operated on roads but can not be used on sidewalks or bike paths: Alabama, Alaska, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin. Some cities or local authorities may have exceptions to these regulations.

In Florida, eBikes are allowed on sidewalks but are not permitted on bike paths when using human power alone.

Where can electric mountain bikes and electric hunting bikes ride?

Off-road areas are different from pavements. So, where can electric mountain bikes ride? Generally, any natural surface trail designated for motorized and non-motorized use is open to electric mountain bikes (eMBTs). Natural surface trails can include motorized singletrack, doubletrack, and primitive roads.

However, riders shouldn’t assume that eclectic mountain bikes are allowed everywhere traditional mountain bikes are. Access on singletrack is usually regulated differently from access to paved and soft surface bike lanes or bike paths. People For Bikes have compiled a handy eMBT ride finder with over 42,000 miles of fun routes and trails cataloged to help riders find tracks.

eBike usage amongst hunters is steadily increasing as enthusiasts discover the benefits of eBiking for off-road excursions. Electric bikes allow hunters or anglers to stealthily access more remote areas which would otherwise be out of limits.

If you enjoy using an electric hunting bike, you may wonder what rules apply and how they differ from an ATV or a quad bike. Most states allow bikes in class 1 and class 2 for hunting areas. However, in Pennsylvania, only class 1 bikes are allowed. QuietKat hunting bikes are ideal for use when hunting or Overlanding and are built to go almost anywhere an ATV can go.

In national parks, electric bicycles are usually allowed wherever traditional bicycles are also allowed. However, the access allowed for cyclists varies from one park to another. Usage rules by the state are complex and varied, so it’s worth checking your local guidelines. Don’t ride your eMTB in wilderness areas where the local regulations are unclear. Ride legally and safely only on authorized trails.

What are the rules for electric bikes in National Forest, BLM land, and National Parks?

Until recently, most non-motorized routes within federal lands prohibited bikes with electric motors.

However, in 2019 several agencies expanded access to eBikes on public lands ; these included The Bureau of Land Management (BLM), National Park Service (NPS), Fish and Wildlife Service, and Bureau of Reclamation. From August 29th, 2019, all eBikes up to 750 watts (class 1 class 2) can now access Federal Lands and national parks.

E-bikes advance the NPS’s Healthy Parks Healthy People goals and have been acknowledged as a positive way to expand access to national parks. They are also viewed as being a beneficial way to reduce congestion and vehicle emissions in national parks.

Generally, electric bikes in national parks and public lands are now allowed access wherever traditional bicycles are permitted. Under Federal statute, both conventional bicycles and electric bikes remain prohibited in wilderness areas within national parks.

Bicycles are also allowed on administrative roads, which may be closed to public motor vehicles but open to motor vehicle use by the NPS. Access to these roads is determined on a per park basis, where local superintendents have decided eclectic bikes will not disturb wildlife or park resources. Some parks also allow additional access to eBikes on paths where mobility devices like wheelchairs are permitted.

Despite expanded recreational opportunities and accessibility rules for electric bikes on public lands, they still vary for specific trails and classes of eBike.

Riders should follow local jurisdictions’ rules and look up the rules for specific national parks and forests when planning their trips.

In which states are 1000W Ebikes legal?

Six states specifically allow eBikes to have a max power of 1000W; these are Georgia, Kansas, Minnesota, Oklahoma, Oregon, and Virginia. Only two states, Florida Mississippi, currently have no max power limit for electric bikes.

High-powered eBike motors are available, ranging from 1000W-6000W. However, most states cap power at either 750W or 1000W. Once an electric bicycle reaches 1000w. it is more likely to be classified as a moped or scooter. Therefore, many states cap eBike outputs at less than 1000W.

Sixteen states cap eBikes at a max power of 750W; these are; Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Iowa, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wisconsin. Maryland has one of the strictest limits, at 500W.

Other safety considerations

It’s worth adopting the three-tiered system for general electric bike safety if you are in a state with no current electric bike regulations. Helmets are also highly recommended for riders of all ages, even if your state does not legally require them.

Riders of both electric and traditional bikes should make themselves highly visible, especially if you plan to use busy roads. Remember that electric bikes are still relatively new, so other motorists may not be used to sharing the road with eBikes and may struggle to gauge how fast you are traveling.

We highly recommend wearing a reflective vest and using flashing headlights and tail lights when riding at night. Bright clothing can also help make you more visible to other motorists during the daytime.

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Whenever you use an electric bike on the road, you should observe local road rules, such as stopping entirely at stop signs, keeping a safe distance from other vehicles, and using your hand signals when turning.

With rules and regulations changing rapidly, the eclectic bike community as a whole must show consideration for other cyclists, pedestrians, trail, and road users. Take care of slower-moving vehicles or pedestrians, and be sure to share trails and paths. A good reputation will help electric bike riders advocate for greater access to public spaces.

Ready to ride?

eBike regulations are complex, but once you’ve done your research, you can hit the trails or road with confidence, knowing that you’re not breaking any rules.

QuietKat bikes are best suited to off-road terrain, where riders have more freedom from regulations. Although our bikes are certainly street-worthy, they’re equipped for Overlanding adventures. Our bikes vary from class 1 to class 3, with modifications available on some models. Our range offers our riders the greatest flexibility in choosing a bike that is both trail and street legal in their state. Explore the full range now.

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E-Bike definitions classifications by state:

An overview of the definitions per state is provided below, but further information on state-by-state safety and eBike regulations is found elsewhere in this article.

Alaska : Alaska considers electric bicycles as a motor-driven cycle and requires a license and registration.

Alabama: Alabama uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bicycles are regulated like traditional bicycles.

Arkansas: Arkansas uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bicycles are regulated in the same manner as traditional bikes.

Arizona: Arizona adheres to the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bicycles are regulated like traditional bicycles.

California: California adheres to the three-tiered classification of eBikes. E-Bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bicycles.

Colorado: Colorado uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bicycles are regulated in the same way as traditional bicycles.

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Connecticut: Connecticut uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bicycles are regulated in the same manner as traditional bikes.

Delaware: Delaware uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bicycles are regulated in the same manner as traditional bikes.

Florida: Florida uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bicycles are regulated in the same manner as traditional bikes.

Georgia: Georgia uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Hawaii: Hawaii classifies electric bikes as low-speed electric bicycles when used with a max speed of 20 mph.

Iowa: Iowa uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Idaho : Idaho uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. E-Bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Illinois: Illinois adheres to the three-tiered classification of eBikes.Electric bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Indiana: Indiana uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. E-Bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Kansas: The state of Kansas uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. E-Bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Kentucky: In Kentucky, an electric bicycle is considered a bicycle as long it has operable pedals.

Louisiana: Louisiana uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. E-Bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Massachusetts: The state of Massachusetts defines an eBike as a motorized bicycle as long as the bike does not exceed a maximum speed of 25 mph. Riders must carry a license and may be subject to registration requirements.

Maryland: Maryland uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Maine: Maine adheres to the three-tiered classification of eBikes. E-Bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Michigan: Michigan regulates eBikes like traditional bicycles, and the three-tiered classification is used for electric bikes.

Minnesota: Minnesota uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Missouri: Missouri uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Mississippi: Mississippi uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Montana: Montana defines an electric bicycle as an electric-assisted bicycle. A bike can be placed in this category if it has a maximum speed of 20 mph. The same rules of the road apply to both electric bicycles and human-powered bicycles.

North Carolina: North Carolina defines e-bikes as “electric-assisted bicycles,” so long as the electric bicycle’s motor is under 750w, has a maximum speed of 20mph, and has operable pedals. The same rules of the road apply to both electric bicycles and human-powered bicycles.

North Dakota: The state of North Dakota uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Nebraska: Nebraska defines eBikes as an electric-assisted bicycle. Bikes in this category must have a motor under 750w, and a maximum speed of 20 mph, with pedals operated by human power. The same rules of the road apply to both electric bicycles and human-powered bicycles.

New Hampshire: New Hampshire follows the three-tiered classification of electric bikes. E-Bikes are regulated like traditional bicycles.

New Jersey: The NJ definition includes only the first two tiers of classifications used by other states. The legislature also defines motorized bicycles as a device that operates over 20 mph with a maximum motor-assisted speed of 28 miles per hour. This definition closely aligns with the Class 3 definition used in other states.

New Mexico: New Mexico uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Nevada: The state of Nevada uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

New York: New York State uses the three-tiered classification of eBikes. The first two classes follow the industry standard and the third class is defined as s olely within a city having a population of one million or more, a bicycle with electric assist having an electric motor that may be used exclusively to propel such bicycle, and that is not capable of providing assistance when such bicycle reaches a speed of twenty-five miles per hour. Electric bikes are regulated in the same way as traditional bikes.

Ohio: In Ohio, the three-tiered classification is used for electric bicycles, with eBikes regulated like traditional bicycles.

Oklahoma: Oklahoma follows the three-tiered classification of eBikes. Electric bicycles are regulated in the same way as traditional bicycles.

Oregon: Oregon defines an eBike as an electric-assisted bicycle if the motor is under 1000w and the bike has a max speed of 20miles per hour.

Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania defines an electric bicycle as a pedalcycle with electric assist. An eBikes falls in this category if the motor is under 750w. It must have operable pedals but a maximum speed of 20 mph when powered solely by the engine. Additionally, the bike must weigh no more than 100 pounds and follow the road’s same rules as a traditional bicycle. E-Bikes that are 750w and below are allowed on any public trail a traditional bicycle is on DCNR lands.

Rhode Island: Rhode Island defines e-bikes as electric motorized bicycles. E-bikes must have fully operable pedals, a max power output of 1491w, and a top speed of 25 mph.

South Carolina: South Carolina currently has no specific classification for electric bikes. However, since eBikes are vehicles, they should follow standard vehicle road rules.

South Dakota: In South Dakota, the three-tiered classification is used for electric bicycles, with E-Bikes regulated like traditional bicycles.

Tennessee: Tennessee uses the three-tiered classifications for electric bicycles. E-Bikes are regulated like traditional bicycles.

Texas: The state of Texas uses the three-tiered classification for electric bicycles, with E-Bikes regulated like traditional bicycles.

Utah: In Utah, E-Bikes are regulated like traditional bicycles, and the three-tiered classification for electric bikes applies.

Virginia: Virginia uses the three-tiered classification for electric bicycles, with E-Bikes regulated like traditional bicycles.

Vermont: Vermont uses the three-tiered classification for electric bicycles, with E-Bikes regulated like traditional bicycles.

Washington: Washington state regulates eBikes like traditional bicycles, and the three-tiered classification is used for electric bikes.

Wisconsin: Wisconsin uses the three-tiered classification for electric bicycles, with E-Bikes regulated like traditional bicycles.

West Virginia: West Virginia uses the three-tiered classification for electric bicycles, with E-Bikes regulated like traditional bicycles.

Wyoming: Wyoming uses the three-tiered classification for electric bicycles, with E-Bikes regulated like traditional bicycles.

State electric bike rules and regulations change regularly. We recommend you check your local laws periodically so you can legally enjoy the benefits of riding your electric bicycle.

What Are the Different Classes of Electric Bikes?

Electric bikes are classified into three classes, Class 1, Class 2, and Class 3, based on their functionality. This classification allows the state regulatory system to devise safety laws for different electric mopeds These regulations also control the maximum speeds and prescribe limits for motor power for each class. Manufacturers and retailers have also started to use the three-class electrical bike system to differentiate between different types of e-bikes and the capabilities that each one has.

What Are the 3 Different E-bike Classes?

E-bikes are classified into Class 1, Class 2, and Class 3 electric bikes. Almost all e-bike manufacturers classify their e-bikes into these three categories. Still, the interpretations of these classes might differ slightly across retailers’ websites. Therefore, it is always a good idea to visit the manufacturers’ websites and read the e-bike specifications in detail.

Class 1 Electric Bikes

In this class, the electric moped provides pedal assistance only. This means that the rider must pedal to engage the motor. The speed of a Class 1 e-bike can go up to 20mph. These electric bikes are also known as analogue bikes. Due to their normal speed range, they are allowed on bike lanes and bike paths.

Class 2 Electric Bikes

Besides pedal assistance, Class 2 electrical bikes can also be powered through the throttle. The riders can simply engage the throttle for pedal-free cruising. The motor of the Class 2 electrical bike can propel it up to the speed of 20mph. The e-bike belonging to this class can also be used on electric bicycle lanes along with other traditional and non-assisted bikes.

Class 3 Electric Bikes

Like Class 1, the Class 3 electrical bike provides pedal assistance only. The motor assists the e-bike all the way up to 28 mph. Any additional speed is gained through the rider’s own efforts or downhill riding. Higher speeds require upgrading the critical parts of the e-bikes to ensure maximum safety. These parts include the bike frame, brakes, battery, and suspension system.

Considering their higher speed, these electric moped bikes are required to have a speedometer. The legality of riding a Class 3 electrical bike depends on the location in which you reside. In the UK, the maximum speed to ride an e-bike is 15.5mph. Therefore, it is imperative to consider your local law before purchasing an electrical bike belonging to Class 3.

Why Are There Different E-bike Classes?

Classifying the electric bicycle into different categories allows the state regulatory system to devise safety laws according to their functionality. The two determining factors of the different electric bike classes are top speed and acceleration methods. The fat tire electric bike motor may be engaged through pedalling, throttling or a combination of both.

What Class Are Himiway E-bikes?

Himiway offers various types of electric bikes, including moped-style e-bikes, long-range e-bikes, electric cargo bikes, and all terrain electric bikes. Himiway engineers Class 2 e-bikes for all lifestyles. It aims to provide the best outdoor cycling experience for riders worldwide. The electric bicycles are designed to ensure a safe, reliable, and enjoyable ride across all types of terrains. Himiway electric moped bikes are designed considering all the federal and local laws. To ride a Class 2 electric bicycle, you won’t need a licence or any insurance generally.

The biggest benefit of a Class 2 electrical bike is the presence of a throttle and pedal assistance. It is helpful if you ride on a long route and need a break from constant pedalling. Many bikers have to put in the extra struggle when they have to accelerate the bike after stopping at a traffic light. The throttle allows you to gain an extra push and speed up. It also supports carrying heavy cargo up steep hills on the electric mountain bike.

E-bike or Electric Motorcycle?

Electric bikes and electric motorcycles are very different from each other. Even though both are versatile, have electric motors, and run on batteries, there are still some differences. Electric bikes have smaller and thinner frames. They are light in weight and can be used on electric mountain bike infrastructure.

Furthermore, they can be disassembled and stored inside the home. On the other hand, electric motorcycles are plug-in electric vehicles with two or three wheels. They are not allowed on bike paths and require a licence, registration, and insurance. The biggest difference in the structure of both vehicles is the existence of pedals. While the e-bike has pedals, the motorcycle doesn’t have them.

over, it’s also more technologically advanced than a traditional bike. You can find out here if you are interested in knowing difference between an electric bike and a regular bike

The UK’s E-Bike Road Regulations

With more people adopting electric bikes as their means of transportation, several nation-states worldwide have devised laws and regulations pertaining to e-bikes. Under UK laws, electric bikes are called ‘electrically assisted pedal cycles’ (EAPCs). The law requires that the maximum power output that the motor should give must be 250 watts. The electrical assistance must immediately be cut off when the speed reaches 15.5mph / 25kmph. You can only ride an electric mountain bike if you’re 14 or over. You neither require any insurance nor a license to use electric bicycles on the roads in the UK. Any EAPCs that comply with the above requirements cannot be considered motor vehicles under the “Road Traffic Act 1988’.

Vehicles that do not comply with the GB EAPC classification will be considered motor vehicles. Thus, you are required to get them registered, insured and taxed (Vehicle Excise Duty). When riding an electric mountain bike, you should make sure to check your local laws. You should ensure you’re following the speed limits and safety regulations. You must look out for any restricted areas when riding an e-bike. Riding above the speed limit can go against traffic laws and regulations.

Himiway Cruiser Specifications

Himiway Cruiser is a perfect all terrain electric bike. It can provide a smooth and easy riding experience regardless of the harsh terrain, making it the best electric bike. This electric fat tire mountain bike is preferred by both professionals and new learners. Let’s discover the specifications of the Himiway Cruiser, a long range electric bicycle:

Range: 50-100 kmBattery: 48V 17.5Ah Samsung/LG BatteryPower:250W Geared Hub Motor (continuous)Weight Capacity: 160 kg Payload CapacityBrakes: 180mm Mechanical Disc BrakesDisplay: LCD display with USB chargingFat tire e bike weight: 33 kg

Keep a Safe Riding!

Himiway long range e bikes are designed to provide you with comfort as well as a safe riding experience. To ensure maximum accessibility, all terrain electric bikes are designed to meet the needs of people of all age groups, to be honest, it is also a perfect electric commuter choice for senior customers The parts installed in the Himiway e-bikes are of the highest quality. For instance, the frame of the Himiway Zebra all terrain electric bike is made of high-quality 6061 aluminium.

Since the Himiway Cruiser is a Class 2 electric bicycle, it comes with a throttle. For improved security, it comes with the Half Twist Throttle to prevent accidental activation of the throttle. You will get an adjustable handlebar in Himiway Cruiser that allows you to set your desired position.


Thanks to the different types of electric bicycles available, various possibilities have opened up for people who never thought they would ride an electric mountain bike. Himiway offers that full lineup of e-bikes that are suitable for professionals, seniors, and even new learners.

The classification of electrical bikes can help you identify the functionalities and the top speeds. To make it easier for lawmakers to govern the laws related to e-bikes, they have been classified into three classes. To purchase your favourite Class 2 Himiway long range ebike now.

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