Camping on Public Lands. Bolton e bikes

US552271A. Electrical bicycle. Google Patents

Publication number US552271A US552271A US552271DA US552271A US 552271 A US552271 A US 552271A US 552271D A US552271D A US 552271DA US 552271 A US552271 A US 552271A Authority US United States Prior art keywords armature plates secured wires bicycle Prior art date 1895-12-31 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) Expired. Lifetime Application number Publication date 1895-12-31 1895-12-31 Application granted granted Critical 1895-12-31 Publication of US552271A publication Critical patent/US552271A/en 1912-12-31 Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical Status Expired. Lifetime legal-status Critical Current


  • 239000011810 insulating material Substances 0.000 description 6
  • 238000005266 casting Methods 0.000 description 3
  • 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 description 2
  • 239000000428 dust Substances 0.000 description 2
  • 238000005192 partition Methods 0.000 description 2
  • 210000000887 Face Anatomy 0.000 description 1
  • 206010022114 Injury Diseases 0.000 description 1
  • 230000000875 corresponding Effects 0.000 description 1



  • B62M7/00 — Motorcycles characterised by position of motor or engine
  • B62M7/12 — Motorcycles characterised by position of motor or engine with the engine beside or within the driven wheel
  • B62M6/00 — Rider propulsion of wheeled vehicles with additional source of power, e.g. combustion engine or electric motor
  • B62M6/40 — Rider propelled cycles with auxiliary electric motor
  • B62M6/60 — Rider propelled cycles with auxiliary electric motor power-driven at axle parts


Be it known that I, OGDEN BOLTON, Jr., a citizen of the United States, residing at Canton, in the county of Stark and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvcnients in Electrical Bicycles; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, ref-‘ erence being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

My invention relates to an improvement in electric bicycles and it consists in, first, a revolving armature carried by the wheel, the field-magnet, and the operating parts inclosed within an outer ring, and side plates which protect the parts from moisture and dirt; second, the hollow axle, the rods embedded in insulating material placed therein, and the conducting-wires secured to the inner I and outer ends of the rods; third, the battery,

the rheostat placed upon the handle-bar, the bearing-surfaces upon the post, the contactpoints and the conducting-wires which connect the parts, all of which will be more fully described hereinafter.

The objects of my invention are to secure the armature to the plates which not 0111 y inclose the operating parts, but have a portion of the ball-bearings connected to their inner edges, to inclose all of the operating parts so that they are protected both from the weather and injury, and to secure the inner ends of the spokes to the ring which incloses the armature.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation of a bicycle to which my invention is applied. Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of the central portion of the motor-wheel, the side plate being removed. Fig. is an enlarged vertical section of the motor-wheel. Fig. t is a side view of one of the plates out of which the armature is formed. Fig. 5 is a detail view of the casting. Fig. 6 is a plan view of the bicycle, showing the wiring. Fig. 7 is a detail view showing the rheostat on the handle-bar. Figs. 8 and 9 are detail views of the contacts and the bearing-surfaces on the post. Fig. 10 is a detail showing the connections of the wires inside of the axle.

Z represents the frame of a bicycle, of any suitable construction, and X a battery suspended therefrom. Jxtending from one pole of the battery is the wire a, which is connected at its front end to a contact V, and from the bearing-surface R, with which the contact makes connection, extends a wire Z), which has its upper end connected to one post of the rheostat Y upon the handle-bar. The lever of this rheostat extends outwardly from one end in such a position that it can be grasped by the hand in taking hold of the handle. From the other post upon the rheostat extends the wire c, which makes connection with the second bearing-surface with which the contact U makes connection. These two contacts U V are secured at their rear ends to the support T, which is secured to the frame of the bicycle, and have their front ends bear against the conducting-surfaces R R upon the post S, and which bearing-surfaces are separated by the insulating material Q, which may be arranged around the post, as shown in Fig. 8, or in any other way that may be preferred. The upper end of the support T is braced together by the two bolts S, which extend horizontally through it, and which are insulated from the contacts, as shown. The lower portions of the supports T are also insulated from the frame in any suitable manner, and the brushes are also insulated from each other. Extending from the rear end of the contacts U is the wire P which connects to the rod A which is embedded in the insulating material B which is to be inserted into the hollow axle K. Extending from the other pole of the battery is a wire O which is connected at its lower rear end to the short rod D which is embedded in the other end of the insulating material B, as shown in Fig. 10. The wires P O haveeyes formed upon their ends, and these eyes pass over screw-threaded contracted ends E E of the two rods AD, and then the wires are locked in position by means of the nuts F. As shown, the insulating material B is divided by the vertical partition G for the purpose of separating the rods A D from each other, and from these rods extend the two insulated wires H I. to the commutator and thence to the armature and fieldmagnet in the usual manner.

A is an ordinary pneumatic tire of any de sired construction; B, the rim; and O, the two sets of divergent spokes which are secured at their inner edges to the flanges D of the inclosing ring E which extends around the armature. The flanges D are formed upon the ring E not only for the purpose of having the spokes secured to them, but for the purpose of having the two side plates F bolted thereto, as shown. For the purpose of making a perfectly tight joint between the flanges and the edges of the plates F,a corresponding shoulder G is made on both the plates F and the ring E, so that when the parts are fitted together they will brace each other and effectually eX- elude all dust and moisture from the operating parts.

The plates F form the sides of the inclosure in which all of the operating parts of the motor are placed at the same time that they serve to support the armature in position and carry at their inner edges the cones H against which the antifriction-balls bear. The other cones J upon which the balls bear are secured to the hollow axle in the usual manner. This axle or shaft is made hollow to receive the devices shown in Fig. 10 and described above.

The armature L is composed of a large 11 umber of thin plates M, as shown in Fig. 4, and which are provided with grooves upon their inner edges, and around which plates wire is wrapped in the usual manner. Applied to each outside face of the armature is a circular casting M, which is flat upon one side and semicircular upon the other, as shown in Fig. 5, and which casting M is provided at intervals with a projection N, as shown in Figs. 3, 4t and 5, and which projections or flanges extend beyond the outer edges of the other portions, so as to form bearings for the ring E, as shown in Fig. 3. In making the armature these two outside rings or stampings h are clamped in position against the ends of the armatures by means of clamps, and wires are wound at intervals to hold the parts tightly together, and then the clamps are removed and the armature wound in the ordinary manner. The armature is then trued up by taking a cut off of the lugs or projections M upon the rings while the armature is held in a lathe, and then the lu s upon the rings are drilled and tapped out to take the studs 0 which. hold the plates F securely in position.

A hollow shaft or axle K, around which the armature revolves by means of the plates F and the bearings II I J, is fastened securely to the frame of the bicycle by means of the set-screws or other mechanical devices, and to this shaft is securely fastened the field-magnet I which is of the multipolar type. Six poles are here shown, though four or eight poles would be about equally satisfactory. This field-magnet is preferably fastened to the hollow shaft by shrinking it on, and after being trued up the armature will revolve around the poles of the magnet. As shown,

this motor is wound expressly to take ahcavy current at a low voltagefor instance,to carry one hundred amperes at ten volts.

A commutator is inelosed between the two plates F and is mounted on a hub on the inside of one of the plates. Six brushes bear on this commutator, three alternate ones being connected in parallel, as is often done in multipolar machines. This motor is connected up like any other motor that is wound in series, and the speed is varied by interposing various resistances from the rheostat in the usual manner.

Having thus described my invention, I claim- 1. An inclosing ring, to which the inner ends of the spokes are secured, combined with the side plates which are secured to the ring at their outer edges, and which protect the operating parts from dust and dirt, substantially as shown.

The flanged ring to which the innerends of the spokes are secured, combined with the side plates which are secured at their outer edges to the flanges, and which plates have secured at theirinner edges aportion of the ball bearings, substantially as described.

The hollow shaft, the rods insulated therein, and having the wires connected thereto, the field magnet secured to the shaft, the supporting plates F, carrying a portion of the ball bearings, and provided at their inner edges with a hub for the commutator; and the inclosing ring E, secured to the outer ends of the supporting plates, combined with the armature, the castings applied to its opposite ends, the spokes, and the pneumatic tire, substantially as shown.

at. I11 a bicycle, the batterysuspended from the frame, a wire extending from one of its poles, the insulated bearing surfaces upon the post, the rheostat upon the handle bar, the contact points which bear against the insulating surfaces, and connecting wires, combined with the wire 0 which extends from the otherpole of the battery, the supports to which the contacts are secured, and the wire I, substantially as specified.

The armature composed of a series of thin plates M suitably wound, the castings M held against the outside faces of said armature, projections about the circumference Of said castings, combined with the ring E and supporting plates and means for holding said plates to the castings and armature, substantially as shown and described.

I11 combination with the hollow shaft, the insulating material 13 carried therein, a partition G, the rods A and D, the wires P and C having eyes designed to be held over the contracted ends of said rods, combined with the wires H and I, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Camping on Public Lands

BLM-managed lands offer numerous opportunities for camping under the stars ranging from staying in an RV at a highly developed campground to simply throwing a sleeping bag on the ground in the backcountry. No matter what type of experience you are looking for, you can find it on BLM-managed public lands.

camping, public, lands, bolton, bikes

Developed Campgrounds

At many locations the BLM provides developed facilities for camping. Campgrounds may include a variety of facilities, such as restrooms, potable water, electrical hookups, picnic areas, garbage cans, tent pads and group shelters. However, many campgrounds do not have all of these amenities and may only have a picnic table and fire ring. Make sure to check the campground’s website or call the appropriate field office when planning your trip.

Permits, Fees and Limitations:

  • Most BLM campgrounds require a fee to use a campground. These fees help maintain the facilities. Selecting a campsite is usually on a first come first serve basis. However, some campgrounds take reservations which can be made at Please obey all posted rules specific to the campground and keep the following in mind.
  • Fee sites vary in price. Please check the campground’s website or call the local field office for details.
  • Camping stay limits vary by location but are generally about two weeks within a month period.
  • Pay camp fee within 30 minutes of occupying a site.
  • A campsite is rented ONLY once it has been paid in full with the pay-stub properly completed and displayed on site and the site is occupied by campers.
  • Do not leave personal property unattended for more than 72 hours.
  • Due to adverse weather, many campgrounds are only seasonally available. Make sure to check if the campground is open before planning your trip.

Dispersed Camping

Camping on public lands away from developed recreation facilities is referred to as dispersed camping. Most of the remainder of public lands are open to dispersed camping, as long as it does not conflict with other authorized uses or in areas posted closed to camping, or in some way adversely affects wildlife species or natural resources.

Dispersed camping is generally allowed on public land for a period not to exceed 14 days within a 28 consecutive day period. Camping limitation rules vary per office, please check with your local office for details on camping limitations. In addition, campers must not leave any personal property unattended for more than 10 days (12 months in Alaska).

Campsite Selection

Dispersed camp sites are located along most secondary roads and may not be marked. Popular locations can be recognized by the telltale flat disturbed area that has been used as a camp site before. Not all flat spots are sites. If possible, please use existing sites to avoid creating new disturbances. To further protect your public lands, campers must not dispose of any refuse, hazardous materials, sewage, or in any manner pollute the surrounding area.

States may have additional requirements or restrictions for dispersed camping. Please see Regional Information before planning your trip.


Please help preserve our heritage. Treat cultural sites with respect. Do not touch petroglyphs or remove artifacts. Report crimes to resources including vandalism, dumping and suspicious activity at 1-800-637-9152.

How I Started A 350K/Month Electric Bikes Store

Hello! Who are you and what business did you start?

I’m Kyle Chittock, the owner of Bolton Ebikes. I sell electric bicycles and upgrade components for competing brands. Ebikes are a ton of fun. We’re putting people back on bicycles that haven’t ridden in years, sometimes decades! Yes, they can be used for commuting, saving money vs driving, but the fun is the number one reason people buy electric bikes. If you’re considering an ebike, I’d check this out, it has a lot of views, so that must be good:

I started the business for fun, but I literally can’t stop the growth. We’ve grown about 500% year over year, all without any paid advertising. (YouTube is awesome by the way.) It’s been a fun ride and isn’t done yet!

What’s your backstory and how did you come up with the idea?

I’ve always loved riding bikes. Mountain bikes, road bikes, doesn’t matter what kind! I also have always liked tinkering and making things. Radio-controlled cars, airplanes, working on bicycles, full-scale aircraft, cars. you name it. When I realized I could add an electric motor to a bicycle, it was just a combination of my hobbies. (If only they could fly, maybe that’s next.)

camping, public, lands, bolton, bikes

I needed my audience and customers to trust me. And so I jumped in with help wherever I could, answering questions, providing information, but never “selling”. Serve your customers first, and they will serve you.

This is me a couple of years ago taking my electric bike out of my electric car and loading it into an airplane. That’s one way to combine hobbies.

I went through a mechatronics program in school, which helped to solidify my experience in electronics, motors, batteries, and general tinkering fun. I didn’t expect Bolton Ebikes to be what it is today, but apparently, I just can’t help myself. (Did I mention it’s fun?)

Take us through the process of designing, prototyping, and manufacturing your first product.

Everything didn’t start perfectly, there were many challenges along the way. I started with less than 200 out of and learned as I went. Every decision was made carefully and calculated. Business to me is like a real-life game of Monopoly (or better yet, The Farming Game. it’s harder, try it.) The first product I wanted to make was a velomobile, which turns out is a VERY limited market. You probably don’t know what that is, and that’s ok. Electric Bicycle, however. ya, you get that.

Each bike was a progression, making things continually better, adding features people ask for. Every time I make a bike I want to make it better than the last, which means there’s no end! I can always make a better bike.

Describe the process of launching the business.

Launch time. Or is it? I hear everyone talking about the “launch” of their product or business as if there’s a singular moment in time that gets things going. I’m here to tell you it doesn’t work that way! It’s a steady progression, one step at a time.

Perhaps my “launch” was the day I decided to get a business license and a web domain. My under 200 start-up costs. From there I put in the sweat and hard work to get things moving. I was involved in online forums, groups. wherever my target audience was, I was there! I started selling on day one. by serving. And yes, I tried the usual methods of crowdfunding, but they all failed (more than once). I needed my audience and customers to trust me. And so I jumped in with help wherever I could, answering questions, providing information, but never “selling”. Serve your customers first, and they will serve you.

Since launch, what has worked to attract and retain customers?

YouTube is my #1 source of traffic and customers. Having a platform where people can hear what I have to say, learn and understand my products is amazing. I think people care less and less about advertising, and more and more about what’s real. Being a genuine person online and in real life will get you, customers! That doesn’t however mean you can’t make funny thumbnails. you should.

I’ve sent a single email that generated over 100k in revenue in one day. No fancy funnels, no upsells, just a simple email with about 2 sentences, a photo, and a link to buy. Build trust and you don’t need everything else!

Once people start coming to your business, don’t underestimate the power of an email list. There’s little you can control online, but an email list is vital! Not everyone uses YouTube. Instagram. Tiktok, or whatever the latest social media platform is. But ALL of those use email. (See what’s front and center of my website?)

How are you doing today and what does the future look like?

Business is profitable. It HAS to be! When you bootstrap from day 1 with the smallest amount of money possible, each day must be profitable, with no exceptions. Start lean and you’ll build an efficient well-oiled machine, I mean business.

This is probably the part where people would break down their ad costs, return on ad spend, conversion rates, yada yada.


Yes, that’s right. YouTube ad revenue now pays me what I used to make working a full-time job. So I have fun making videos, get paid to do it, and then sell more products because of it. It’s a win-win. Does that make my customer acquisition cost a negative number? Yes, I think it does.

When you sell online, you can sell anywhere! We ship ebikes all over North America, and small parts around the world. That being said, I have no plans of global expansion or domination. (At least not anytime soon.) I like building things. I can’t do that with a massive corporation and hundreds of employees. That doesn’t sound like fun. I’m not doing that. I’m keeping the company small, manageable, with a tight-knit crew of good people I get along with.

Through starting the business, have you learned anything particularly helpful or advantageous?

If I had to e thing that will make or break a business, it would be to find out who your customers are, and serve them what they want. If your product resonates with your customers you won’t do any selling, you won’t need to. They will come to you.

What platform/tools do you use for your business?

I use Shopify for my online store, and point of sale. It’s simple and is great for selling! I try to keep 3rd party services to a minimum to avoid clutter. Fancy email funnels, CRMs, and other software all sound great. But those are needed for selling to your customers. If you have a product they want, you don’t need to sell to them. I’ve sent a single email that generated over 100k in revenue in one day. No fancy funnels, no upsells, just a simple email with about 2 sentences, a photo, and a link to buy. Build trust and you don’t need everything else!

ReAmaze has been great lately for our customer service team to keep things tidy and organized, so no customers are forgotten. We tried several other platforms before ending up here, and I don’t have any plans to change soon. When something works, stick with it!

What have been the most influential books, podcasts, or other resources?

I’ve always been a fan of Pat Flynn. If you do anything related to a small business look him up! He has a great podcast and is a genuine person who is helping thousands of entrepreneurs. I’m lucky to have spent some time with him and other like-minded people to mastermind business. He now has an awesome community online, which I highly recommend checking out.

Advice for other entrepreneurs who want to get started or are just starting?

If you’re just starting or thinking about it. STOP! Quit starting, quit thinking, and just DO SOMETHING. I seriously think most businesses fail before they start because people think too much and do too little.

Are you looking to hire for certain positions right now?

We keep a small crew and are growing, but carefully. I’d love to grow another 500% without hiring. Can we do it? Doubtful, but I’m going to try anyway.

Where can we go to learn more?

  • Website
  • YouTube
  • And of course, check out Bolton Ebikes on your favorite podcast player

If you have any questions or Комментарии и мнения владельцев, drop a comment below!

How to Celebrate Juneteenth by Focusing on Education, Freedom, and Family

Juneteenth is an invitation to reflect, educate, and celebrate American freedoms while advocating for advances that uplift everyone.

Juneteenth marks the day in 1865 when Union Major General Gordon Granger proclaimed the freedom of 250,000 enslaved people under the terms of the Emancipation Proclamation that President Lincoln issued 2 years earlier. In 2021, it became a federal holiday that is commemorated each year on June 19 — though Black communities nationwide have honored Juneteenth since its inception through family and neighborhood gatherings.

This holiday holds diverse meanings for those who celebrate it.

Our family discusses Juneteenth as a historical fact, what it means to be an American, and what it means to accept America’s benefits and hardships, says Darius Hicks, the creator, producer, and cohost of the podcast, While Black.

Juneteenth offers us all an opportunity to unite around its rich traditions during the month of June and throughout the year. Read on to learn more about how to celebrate Juneteenth in a way that appropriately honors Black history and heritage.

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Why Commemorate Juneteenth?

Like many holidays, Juneteenth evokes complex emotions. For example, Hicks’ family is one of two Black families living in a suburban community north of Atlanta, and while their Homeowners’ Association places American flags underneath every mailbox in the neighborhood on Memorial Day and the Fourth of July, there is no communal recognition or celebration of Juneteenth, Hicks says.

I struggle with this every year, he says. We weren’t free on the Fourth of July. But I am an American. I embrace this country’s benefits and flaws, and I want to make this country better.

Despite the nation’s political and social divisions, Juneteenth is still worthy of celebrating, says Tausha Orakwue, a healthcare consultant in Austin, Texas. The city of Austin holds Juneteenth activities such as art exhibits, cultural events, and keynote speakers with the aim of both celebrating the Black community and enlightening the public about this crucial part of American history.

A Juneteenth flag is raised during the Celebration of Juneteenth at the African American Civil War Memorial event on Monday June 20, 2022 in Washington, DC.

Juneteenth is about Black joy, Orakwue says. Some people may take the day off to rest while others use the holiday to hang out with people and have a good time. We’re so busy and overloaded. It’s time to have fun and celebrate.

Civic education is embedded in Juneteenth commemorations throughout the country. In Raleigh, North Carolina, Juneteenth activities include tours of historically Black neighborhoods and landmarks, as well as the opening of the first Black-owned children’s bookstore in the area, says Carmen Wimberley Cauthen. She is a Black historian and author of the award-winning book, Historic Black Neighborhoods of Raleigh.

There are so many parts of our history that haven’t been told, Cauthen says. Our community needs to know who we are and what our ancestors did. But we can’t tell it if we don’t know it.

Explore Black American Foodways

Education about the Black American experience during Juneteenth can be found around the dinner table, too. Many local Black-owned restaurants host special dinners and events that pay homage to Black American foodways.

Food is important to Black celebrations because it’s how we build bonds and break barriers, says Nik Fields, the owner of Chic Chef 77, which is the first Black-owned wine bar in Tempe, Arizona.

Traditional soul food such as fried chicken, collard greens, watermelon, and red velvet cake are staples in many Black communities and have been part of the American gastronomic experience since the 1800s. Fried chicken and watermelon in particular were among the first foods that Black Americans cultivated upon emancipation because they were cheap and easy to produce. Unfortunately, those same foods have also been used throughout time to stereotype and shame Black Americans.

Fields is now reclaiming these foods as important elements of American foodways. This year, she is hosting a Juneteenth event called Champagne, Chicken and Watermelon: A Celebration of Freedom. For this occasion, she is making a fried chicken dish topped with a watermelon glaze.

camping, public, lands, bolton, bikes

It’s a universal celebration, not only for Black people, but for everyone, Fields says. Food is a universal love language. It’s how we grieve and celebrate.

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Discover Your Heritage

Those interested in exploring their family history can also honor Juneteenth by taking the DNA test. is a pioneering, Black-owned genetic ancestry company whose FOCUS is people of African descent. The company offers products that can help trace your matrilineal and patrilineal lines.

When you make the decision to trace your ancestry to the continent of Africa, you’ve taken a huge step towards freedom, says Dr. Gina Paige, president and cofounder.

Upon purchasing the kit, you swab the inside of your cheek to collect a DNA sample and mail it to the company’s laboratory for analysis. You can log into your private account once your results are ready. There, you’ll see your mother or father’s African country and ethnic group of origin.

Juneteenth celebrates our notification of freedom, Paige says. When you know where you’re from, you react to life’s challenges more effectively because you have restored the foundation of your identity.

Move Beyond the Moment

Education, activism, unearthing family stories, and embracing your identity are all ways we can live Juneteenth’s lessons throughout the year, our experts say.

For example, while the pain and violence many Black communities face may dominate public conversation, devotion to self-determination is also a part of the Black American heritage and experience, Hicks says.

Juneteenth is about freedom, he says. It is one day, one moment in time. But there are 364 other days of the year that we need to further embrace and demand freedom. We should be learning and understanding every lever we can pull to ensure the freedom we learned about on Juneteenth becomes a reality throughout the year.

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Winner of the New York Times Award for Outstanding Journalism, Kerra Bolton has explored how communities navigate growth and change for 25 years. Her work has covered the impact of U.S. immigration on small Mexican towns, a hospital in rural South Africa dealing with an AIDS crisis post-apartheid, and the rebuilding of a Honduran village after a hurricane ravaged the region. Kerra spends her time in the Mexican Caribbean, learning to swim, dive, and map sunken slave ships. She is also the author of the book Restorative Communities: From Conflict to Conversation.

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