Introduction: Electric Bike (Ebike) Range Calculator
One of the most common questions we get is how to calculate the geographic range of an electric bike. Basically,
- How far will my ebike go before it runs out of battery power?
- What is the range of my ebike?
- How far can I go per charge?
There are many factors that affect an electric bike’s range, including the type of bike you’re riding, as well as the battery capacity, terrain, and the level of pedaling effort you as the rider put in.
If you have a Bosch motor system, then you should probably use the Bosch ebike distance calculator. But for all other ebikes, our Range Calculator is the most sophisticated online today.
The truth is that most ebikes come with a Bafang motor system or its equivalent, since they are the largest ebike motor manufacturer in the world, and have an exceptional reputation. Our ebike range calculator has been designed based on the performance of the Bafang electric bike system.
For a more precise estimate of electric bike range, we have developed a detailed ebike range calculator which has 16 Separate Inputs and Over 100 Variants. Try it now, and start keeping track of your actual range to help us refine the system. If you want to learn all the details about how far electric bikes can go, and how to get the most range from your ebike battery, skip the calculator and continue reading the rest of this article.
Average speed for the duration of your ride, including regular pedaling and use of pedal assist and throttle.
Amount of pedal power you supply to reach the average speed. 0 = Throttle Only, 9 = Eco Mode.
- 0 Throttle Only
- 2 Turbo Mode
- 4 Sport Mode
- 6 Tour Mode
- 9 Eco Mode
Total weigh including bike, battery, rider, and any cargo you are carrying on the bike or in a trailer.
- 100 lbs
- 125 lbs
- 150 lbs
- 175 lbs
- 200 lbs
- 225 lbs
- 250 lbs
- 300 lbs
- 325 lbs
On average, how many times do you make one full rotation per minute when pedaling?
- 10 rpm
- 20 rpm
- 30 rpm
- 40 rpm
- 50 rpm
- 60 rpm
- 70 rpm
- 80 rpm
- 90 rpm
- 100 rpm
- 110 rpm
- 120 rpm
Where is the motor located on your electric bike?
NOMINAL MOTOR OUTPUT (Watts)
What is the nominal motor output rating of your ebike? For dual drives, enter the combined total wattage.
What is the voltage of your electric bike system?
BATTERY CAPACITY (Amp-Hours)
What is the capacity of your ebike battery, as measured in Amp-Hours (Ah)?
- 8.0 Ah
- 10.4 Ah
- 11.6 Ah
- 14.0 Ah
- 16.0 Ah
- 20.0 Ah
- 25.0 Ah
What style of electric bike are you riding?
Select the tire tread that most closely resembles that of the tires on your electric bike.
NUMBER OF MECHANICAL GEARS
Select the mechanical gear system on your ebike.
- SINGLE SPEED
Select the mechanical gear system on your ebike.
Select the terrain that best describes the average terrain for your ride.
Select which best describes the suface conditions you will encounter most on your ride.
- SMOOTH ASPHALT
- UNIFORM GRAVEL
- ROUGH GRAVEL / ROCKY
- HEAVILY RUTTED
- SAND OR SNOW
Which best describes the weather conditions you will encounter during your ride?
How often stop completely, and start from a standing position? Level 1 = Rarely, Level 5 = Frequently
- NO STOPS
- A FEW STOPS
- SOME STOPS
- LOTS OF STOPS
- CITY TRAFFIC
Ebike Battery Myth Busting
First, a little electric bike battery myth busting is in order. Every ebike manufacturer should provide detailed specifications for the battery and every other component on the models they bring to market. Many will also provide estimated ranges, but rarely indicate how these range estimates were derived. That is why we built this calculator, so that you could get a fairly precise range based on your ebike specifications and riding conditions.
Estimated ranges provided by ebike brands aren’t based on rigorous testing
Next, let’s dismiss another obvious falsehood. All ebikes can be ridden like conventional bikes, simply by pedaling and using the standard gears. If the electric vehicle you’re looking at does not have operable pedals, it’s not an electric bike.
If you ride your ebike with the electronics turned off, there is no loss of battery charge. And if you ride your ebike without turning on electronics, there is no drag or resistance from the turned-off ebike motor.
There is no drag or resistance from the turned-off motor
That being said, ebikes do tend to be heavier than standard bikes, due to the added weight of the motor, battery and controller. But there are also lightweight ebikes that fold up and are highly portable.
The lithium-ion battery is the fuel tank for your ebike, not unlike the batteries that power your cell phone and laptop computer. In the olden days a few years ago, some legacy ebike brands would use sealed lead acid (SLA) batteries on their ebikes.
You can still find these types of batteries in cars and on mobility scooters. But with improvements in battery technology, the denser and more energy efficient lithium-ion battery has been adopted as the standard for all ebikes. These batteries will vary in their chemistry, as well as their operating voltage and capacity. Do not get a bike that does not have a lithium battery pack. Find out more about electric bike batteries at our Ebike Battery FAQ.
Like the lithium batteries powering your personal electronic devices, ebike batteries will not last forever. After about 1,000 charge cycles, you will notice that the battery is not holding a full charge. For the average rider, it takes about 2-4 years to charge and discharge an ebike battery 1,000 times. These timeframes could be greatly reduced if you expose your electric bike battery to extremes in heat or cold. So it’s best not to leave your battery in the trunk of a hot car, or in a garage that might reach freezing temperatures overnight.
When you finally need to get a new battery for your ebike, have no fear. Usually replacement or spare batteries are available from the original manufacturer, but even if they are not, there are reputable 3rd party battery companies that can provide a high-quality replacement. Our go-to favorite company for this is the Ebike Marketplace in Las Vegas.
Non-Electrical Factors that Affect Electric Bike Range
There are many variables that affect ebike range, including the bike design of bike, rider weight and riding style, terrain, weather, surface moisture, tire inflation.
Bike Design Maintenance. Electric bikes, like conventional bikes, come in many flavors. You have fat tire mountain ebikes, small folding ebikes, and laid back cruiser style ebikes. There are several key factors in bike design that affect range.
First, the weight of the bike is a major factor, but also the width of the tires. Fat tires, for example, have more surface area in contact with the ground, and more traction (friction) compared to a road bike with narrower tires. This adds resistance which can deplete energy reserves more quickly.
Second, it’s important to note that a poorly tuned or maintained ebike will have a shorter range than a properly maintained vehicle. Low tire inflation, poorly aligned gears and brakes, and high wind resistance due to a lack of aerodynamic design will all contribute to reducing the range of an ebike.
Payload. The weight of the passenger and any cargo will also have a dramatic effect on ebike range. All things being equal, a 225-pound rider with a fully-loaded trailer will place a much higher demand on the battery than a 125-pound teenager with a fanny pack. The distribution of the payload on the bike will also affect range, especially if a bike is unbalanced due to heavy loads placed on the rear rack.
Weather Terrain. Headwinds and wet roads each will reduce the potential range of an ebike. Likewise, how hilly your ride is, and if you go off-road on gravelly trails will impact how far you can travel on a single charge.
Electrical Factors that Affect Ebike Range
All electric bikes have 3 essential components that set them apart from conventional bikes. These are the motor, the controller and the battery. Each of these electrical components plays a critical role in the performance of an electrical bike, and if any of them are not working properly, it can adversely affect your ebike performance range.
If you struggle with the concept of electrons running through wires to power a motor, you’re not alone. Check out the Water Pipe Analogy graphic below.
We use watt-hours to measure the energy capacity of a battery pack, and this will help you figure out how long you can ride your ebike before fully discharging the battery. But before we get into watt-hours (symbolized Wh), let’s first review what a watt itself is.
A watt (W) is a unit of power, and power is the rate at which energy is produced or consumed. Think of watts as a measure of electrical flow. Does an electrical device need a big flow or a small flow to work? For example, a 100W light bulb uses energy at a higher rate than a 60W bulb; this means that the 100W light bulb needs a bigger “flow” to work. Likewise, the rate at which your solar energy system “flows” power into your home is measured in watts.
A watt-hour (Wh) is a unit of energy equivalent to one watt (1W) of power expended for one hour (1h) of time. A watt-hour is a way to measure the amount of work performed or generated. Household appliances and other electrical devices perform “work” and that requires energy in the form of electricity. Utilities typically charge you for electrical energy by the kilowatt-hour (kWh), which is equal to 1,000 watt-hours.
An ebike battery is measured by its voltage (V) and amp-hour (Ah) rating. To calculate the Wh of an ebike battery pack, we simply multiply its V and Ah to get the Wh.
- A battery rated at 36 V and 10.4 Ah will have a 417.6 Wh capacity (36 x 10.4 = 374.4), like on the Eunorau UHVO All-Terrain Ebike
- A battery rated at 48 V and 21 Ah will have a 1,008 Wh capacity (48 x 21 = 1,008), like on the Bakcou Mule.
To learn more about ebike batteries beyond simply their range potential, check out our Ebike Battery FAQ. And if you want another expert’s opinion about ebike range, check out Micah Toll at Electrek.
Best electric bikes 2023 for every kind of rider
If you’re looking for the best electric bikes, there are a lot to choose from, with electric motors and batteries added to a wide range of bikes to add extra power.
Electric road bikes will come with dropped handlebars and favour low weight, whilst electric hybrid bikes will come with flat bars, wider tyres and accessories to aid commuters – such as mudguards and lights. Electric folding bikes are useful if part of your journey involves train travel or you’re short on space.
Here at Cycling Weekly, we’ve reviewed bikes from these three categories and there are links to our more detailed reviews for each bike in this guide. Our testing involves a range of routes and ride lengths and our highly experienced team of testers understands what makes a good bike and what to look for in the best electric bikes.
Electric bikes can be expensive, but there are options too if you’re looking to keep costs low with starting from around 1,000: check out the best budget electric bikes. If you’re into tinkering with your bike, you might also want to look at the best electric bike conversion kits as an alternative to buying a completely new electric bike.
Women may benefit from female specific components on the best women’s electric bikes, and if you’re venturing off-road, check out the best electric gravel bikes.
If you’re looking for the best electric mountain bike though, follow this link to head over to our sister publication MBR which specialises in mountain biking.
Here’s a quick look at our top choices from the best electric bikes, including a folding option.
The Specialized Turbo Vado is designed for fast urban riding but with its suspension fork and wider tires it can also handle rougher roads.
There’s a lot of clever tech in the aviation-inspired Gocycle G4i, with a neat folding mechanism, lightweight frame and decent mileage from its internal battery.
The Giant Fastride’s neatly integrated battery and quality spec make it a great option for the commute, with wide gear range and hydraulic disc brakes.
If your e-bike riding heads off-road, the Neo Carbon Lefty has front and rear suspension and a powerful Bosch motor to help you up the hills.
The Cento1 Hybrid takes Wilier’s race bike pedigree and inserts a rear hub motor in a stealth package that keeps the bike’s performance and doesn’t add too much weight.
The classic Brompton with the same folding mechanism, but with a front hub motor and battery housed in a neat removeable bag.
Our pick of the best electric bikes
You can trust Cycling Weekly.
Our team of experts put in hard miles testing cycling tech and will always share honest, unbiased advice to help you choose. Find out more about how we test.
Best Electric Hybrid bikes
Electric hybrid bikes are the fastest selling style. Their flat bars, usually wide tyre, and commute friendly fittings. such as mudguard mounts and rack mounts. make them extremely practical machines.
The motor can be housed in the rear hub, or at the cranks, and the torque will vary. low torque models offer a natural pedalling assistance, but high torque versions will move off the lights more quickly.
Reasons to avoid
The Ribble Hybrid AL e is a road-going hybrid bike that’s equally at home on gravel paths and trails, with a comfortable and confidence-inspiring upright riding position, so great for returning or newbie riders.
For us, we think the bike is one of the best looking hybrids we’ve ever come across, with the design hiding away the motor incredibly well, although we were a little sad that adjusting the seat post left behind scratch marks. The fully loaded package includes fenders (mudguards), lights and a rear rack making it perfect as a daily commuter or for ditching the car when going to the store, although we did find these a little rattily on test.
The Ebikemotion motor delivers its power smoothly and efficiently and offers long-range in between charges, making the Ribble far more than just an A to B bike.
Understandably it doesn’t perform in the same way as the Canyon Grail:ON in terms of fast and tight torque, but tap along and it will tick over nicely, taking the top off any strenuous rides.
With all the added extras as standard and classy looks, the Ribble Hybrid AL e is a great electric bike for the money.
Reasons to avoid
A fun ride that’s great in urban environments but also provides a confidence-inspiring ride on rougher terrain is what the Specialized Turbo Vado is all about.
If you’re after a bike that is fully integrated with lights, fenders and rack (27kg capacity) as well as security (on the App removable battery using a key), then this represents a straight forward choice. Only the weight, and to a lesser degree cost, need consideration.
We found the 70Nm/250W custom-tuned motor applies power seamlessly and powerfully as soon as you push down on the pedals. Range is excellent too. 95-130km / 60-80 miles should be easily attainable using the default settings of “Sport’ and ‘50% power’. There is an Eco mode as well as Turbo, so if you’re careful you can expect much greater range.
It is a heavy machine at 60lbs/ 27kg, so not easy to lift, so anyone needing to navigate steps in or out of the bike’s storage place will need to take this into consideration, but aside from that we found the Specialized Vado Turbo to be a joy to ride.
Reasons to avoid
We absolutely loved zooming around on the speedy Ride1Up Roadster V2 with its five levels of power assist. If you’re anything like us and are more used to training and racing on standard road bikes it can easily become your guilty pleasure. it’s fantastic fun to ride.
The bike was so quiet, even on level 5, convincing onlookers that our tester had to be some kind of super Hero to ride so fast up 15 per cent climbs. The only downside. in common with other e-bikes that only assist when you’re pedalling. was where there was a requirement for a hill start, the cranks had to be turned over in order to get the motor to engage, creating a pregnant pause at the lights, before vavavooming off.
The claimed 24mph maximum assisted speed (in the US) needs input from the pedals to reach on the flats, but without a doubt it’s noticeable downhill, where other bikes, such as the Wilier Cento1Hy Ultegra Di2 e-bike auto assist would cut out and slow you down.
This extra speed also puts the bike into a class 3 e-bike, meaning that it doesn’t meet EAPC rules in the UK, but that’s by the by as US brand Ride1Up doesn’t currently ship there.
If you are in a country lucky enough to be shipped to: the US, Canada and Mexico, then it’s a great option and one that has a very high fun-to-dollar ratio.
Ride1Up is a direct-to-consumer brand. check out the Roadster V2 on its website here.
Reasons to avoid
The Canyon Precede:ON is an efficient automatic transmission city bike that performs well in multi-terrain settings whether for utility or for leisure purposes thanks to a powerful motor and control panel.
With built-in accessories such as lights, mudguards, rack and kickstand all the trappings are there to make for a comfortable ride with style straight out the box. All these add ons however do make it one of the heaviest e-bikes on the market, even heavier than the Specialized Turbo Vado.
We really loved the Canyon Grail: On and it’s great to see the Precede:ON also be kitted with the Bosch Performance Line CX motor, although ideally we would love to see a little more juice in the battery to support the other impressive spec.
With everything you need straight out the box, including navigation system and lights, it’s the easiest way to swap driving/ public transport for a bike, but it is at the higher end price tag wise. There are a couple of models to choose from, which also takes the cost down a touch, but with a six year guarantee, it could be a savvy investment.
The only other point to note is that Canyon has a direct sales model, so you’ll have to buy directly from the brand here.
Reasons to avoid
The Giant Fastroad E Pro is another road-going hybrid bike with flat handlebars to promote a comfortable ride position for even the rustiest of riders, in fact we enjoyed riding this great electric hybrid road bike so much we gave it a Cycling Weekly Editor’s Choice Award.
The tyres provide plenty of squish and the ability to go lightly off-road. However on test we found the aluminium frame and fork quite stiff, which will suit those used to a traditional road bike’s feel and riders looking for a speedy commute, but worth bearing in mind if you’re used to a softer hybrid feel.
We really liked the bike’s integration of the battery, which can often be a design factor forgotten about on hybrid bikes. We were also really impressed to see the spec on the FastRoad, with hydraulic disc brakes and quality Shimano shifting, with a compact chainset and wide range cassette at the rear to provide plenty of gears for the hills all making an appearance.
A great electric hybrid bike for a fair price that will have a lot of appeal to lots of different riders.
Reasons to avoid
With its 36V battery, which should give around 70 miles of juice, hooked up to a mid-drive motor, we found that the Volt Infinity electric bike gave a nice balanced feel to the bike.
Shimano provides the power in the form of 8-speed Alfine Di2 hub Shimano Steps, the highly regarded motor and e-bike specific groupset.
Three different assistance modes will let you get the most out of that battery and the display mounted on the front will make it easy to keep track and we loved that the torque sensor picked up when we were flagging and gave us a little boost to help us along our way.
Previously similar to the Carrera Subway E, it’s had a bit of a make over and it’s now much more visually integrated than the previous model that we tested, although it’s still without a quick release rear wheel, making investing in the best puncture-proof tyres or inner tubes a shrewd investment.
The only real downside is the one size fits all. Great if it does fit you, not so much if it doesn’t.
Best Electric Folding Bikes
Folding electric bikes are practical if you have a train journey forming part of your trip or are low on space. Being small, the battery and motor can represent a large percentage of the weight, so the FOCUS is often on reducing this as much as possible.
Mileage on folding bikes is often low, since they’re typically used to ride to and from train stations, so battery range isn’t always a major consideration.
If you are considering going for a folder, you might find our buying guide page dedicated to helping you find the best folding bikes a useful read.
Reasons to avoid
We absolutely loved the Brompton Electric bike when we took it out for a spin, finding it to be the perfect bike for commuting in traffic and then stowing well out of the way post-ride.
The brand is considered by many as the gold standard of folding bikes, and the Brompton Electric is clearly cast from the same mould.
As typical with any Brompton bike, the brand has taken full control of the engineering, so everything from frame to motor has been designed in house. Brompton however has called upon the experiences of Williams Advanced Engineering when it comes to the motor, developing a bespoke lightweight removable battery and motor.
As you would expect when a team of Formula One engineers get under the bonnet of the Brompton Electric, the small, but perfectly formed motor has excelled, delivering power smoothly, safely and exactly when you need it.
The frame is the usual Brompton high standard, and while one size, keeps the ability to choose handlebars, seatpost heights and even saddle widths. There are six speeds, giving you plenty to play with when you hit a hill.
Whatever your final set up, you can rest assured as to the bike’s foldability, which is one of the reasons why Brompton stands out from the folding bike crowd. Its folded footprint is one of the smallest out there: 565mm high x 585mm wide x 270mm long (22.2″ x 23″ x 10.6″). This means it’s highly portable and capable of stowing in the smallest of spaces, although be warned, due to the independent motor and battery pack, you’ll find yourself with two hands full, so best to invest in a rucksack for your other belongings.
On test we felt this was an absolute dream of a bike, in fact, we went as far as calling it a transport gamechanger. If you’re worried by the 17kg-plus weight, there’s now the Brompton Electric P Line bike, which uses lighter frame materials to drop the claimed weight down to 15.6kg.
Reasons to avoid
The G4i is a solid choice for a commuter, with the option to add many accessories such as mudguards (fenders), a front and rear pannier rack, integrated lights, lock holster and a travel case.
The design folds in half, so that you can push it on its wheels rather than needing to carry it, or you can fully fold it into a compact package. There’s built-in rear suspension, concealed cabling and a fully enclosed drivetrain.
It features a discreetly integrated USB port on the handlebar, enabling owners to charge their phone or other small devices from the bike’s battery when not in use. although we found the quality of the integrated phone mount didn’t quite match that of the bike itself. The same goes for the LED display, which we found to be rather basic. although the information it provides is useful.
It’s also likely to be pretty low-maintenance given that the drivetrain is completely enclosed. This makes sense, given that commuting year round usually means cycling in the wet at some point. The G4i utilizes a Shimano Nexus 3 speed internally geared hub. With 1” of elastomer suspension and 2.35” wide tyres, it is one of the more comfortable small wheelers. Single-sided wheel attachment means you don’t even have to remove the wheel, should you puncture one of the 20” wheels.
The 500W (250W in the UK/EU) G4 electric motor and 375Wh Lithium-ion battery is claimed to provide a range of up to 80km (50mi), but the most we managed to get out of it was just 44km (27mi). To be fair, that was in one of the more ‘assisted’ modes and I always had the daytime running lights on. and the city of Bath is well known for its brutally steep hills.
The bike is available from 17.6kg / 38.8lbs. However, as the weight is centred low on the frame, this at least makes the ride more stable. The folding mechanism has been improved since previous versions and can be quickly collapsed into a small package. Gocycle says this can be done in as little as ten seconds; we found it was closer to 20.
Electric Bike Range Explained
Electric bike range is a maximum distance an electric bike can travel on a single charge. The size of the battery and the surface you’ll be riding on will determine how far.
Electric bike range is a maximum distance an electric bike can travel on a single charge. The size of the battery and the surface you’ll be riding on will determine how far you can travel. Electric bicycles can currently travel 350–400 kilometers on a single charge, which is their maximum range. Typically, 3kW batteries are used to power these e-bikes. Standard e-bikes could travel up to 100–120 km on a single charge with batteries that were 400–500W. Simple e-bikes typically have a range of 50 to 60 kilometers per charge. The longer an e-bike can be used between charges, the better the battery. In addition, a variety of outside circumstances influence the riding range. You will understand why occasionally your battery could deplete considerably more quickly after reading this article. If you don’t already own an electric bike, you probably want one now. Because at the moment, e-bikes are one of the fastest and safest forms of mobility. With them, you can also enjoy the scenery and get some exercise on your way.
How far can an electric bike go?
Electric bikes typically range from 25 to 45 miles (40 to 72 kilometers) on a single charge. The size of the bike’s battery, the surface, and the weight of the rider will all affect this.
External factors affecting the electric bike range
Weight of objects
It takes more force to move an object the heavier it is. As a result, as the weight on the e-bike increases, the motor needs to work harder and utilize more power. As a result, the distance traveled on an electric bike is reduced. It is based on the rider’s weight and any load they may be hauling.
energy is needed when moving upwards because the motor is fighting gravity and friction, as opposed to conflict when moving uphill on flat terrain. The weight aspect mentioned above worsens this situation because moving more weight uphill requires more effort. The landscape doesn’t simply refer to hills but less-grippy surfaces like dirt and gravel. These surfaces require more power than smooth pavements do.
Effects of weather
A headwind does the reverse, making you and your e-bike work harder and lowering your range. A tailwind can aid in buoying you along, assisting you, and boosting your capacity. Wet surfaces, including paved roads and mud, are likewise less gripping, requiring the e-bike to use more force to propel the rider forward.
Ebikes use much more energy to accelerate to their highest speed than it does to maintain that pace. The motor will have to work rigid to accelerate off the line and return to the desired speed once you’ve stopped and lost momentum.
The energy the e-bike needs is directly related to how hard you pedal. The power the e-bike must put in decreases as you put more into the system. Your range is expanded as a result. Alternatively, the e-bike compensates by increasing its energy input and decreasing your content the lazier you are with your energy intake.
Internal factors affecting the electric bike range
Capacity of battery
An e-bike’s battery capacity, or how much power it can contain, is the first and most evident range factor, and we can use this to determine an e-bike’s range. Your battery is a lithium-ion battery, the same as in your phone or laptop, unless you’re riding one of the first electric bicycles introduced in the modern age, which is highly doubtful.
You’ll notice that the battery won’t fully charge after roughly 1000 charge cycles, or around the 2-year mark for a daily e-bike user and up to the 5-year mark for infrequent users or “weekend warriors.” All lithium-ion batteries experience this naturally as part of their lifecycle. The capacity of the electric bike battery won’t decrease significantly, but a smaller capacity means less power is available, which results in a shorter range. When this occurs, it’s time to consider getting a new battery.
However, if the battery is relatively new, we can estimate how many miles it can travel on a single charge. The average e-bike battery has a reported and tested range of around 1 mile per 20-watt hour, with all other elements being neutral or moderate.
Huh? Sure, we do. Some high school physics needs to be dug up from the memory banks here. But the physics is simple; you must enter a few quickly-found integers into the equation below:
Vx AH = WH
The above equation v indicates the voltage, and ah means amp hours. Wh stands for watt-hour
All e-bike manufacturers currently in existence supply the first two numbers. We’ll use the Aventon Level Commuter as an illustration. The Level Commuter e-bike has a 48V, 14Ah battery, as seen in the Technical Specifications under Battery.
48 voltage x 14 amp hours = 672 watt-hours
With all other variables being neutral or average, our general e-bike average provides us with 1 mile per 20Wh. Divide 672 wh by 20, and the result will be 33.6 miles.
We may therefore anticipate getting 33.6 miles from a single charge on our Aventon Level Commuter if everything else is average. You might obtain an even more accurate approximation of your range if you take this information and add those above “External Factors.” You have just become an e-bike range estimator!
The amount you decide to rely on the electric component of your e-bike to power or support you while directly riding affects your range. Use the throttle to maneuver, and you’ll swiftly consume all the available power. However, you will have a more comprehensive range if you employ your pedal assist. You can increase your capacity even further if you learn how to use pedal-assist as efficiently as possible with the right gearing; we’ll cover this in the next section and our final list of advice on e-bike range expansion.
Now let’s discuss some mechanical factors
Gear is an essential part that profoundly affects the battery life. Your motor will have to work harder and burn more watt-hours if your gear is too high for the conditions. You, your engine, and your range will benefit if the gearing is adjusted with your amount of pedal assistance!
Tires and Pressure
Compared to their off-road siblings, commuter tires, which are smoother and slimmer, are far better at converting energy into movement. Additionally, tire pressure is crucial, and underinflated tires might lower your e-bike range score.
How to increase the range of your ebike?
A range extension for an electric bike is possible in several ways. The primary ones are to use less assistance, fully inflate the tires, change the batteries, cycle more slowly, and reduce weight. Following are some valuable tips to increase the range.
Reduce the level of support
Electric bikes with pedal assistance help you pedal. Contribution can be adjusted in both directions. Your electric bike’s battery will deplete more quickly the more aid you are using. It means that you should utilize one of the lesser degrees of assistance if you wish to enlarge the range of an electric bike.
Recharge battery after usage
Battery University data demonstrates that lithium-ion batteries perform at their peak when charged from 50%. Avoid your battery running utterly flat before setting it if you want to get the most life out of it as it ages.
The power needed to maintain speed grows as you bike faster. Use the calculator on this website to find out how much more energy is required to maintain momentum as you accelerate. You might consider cycling more slowly to extend the battery’s range. Although you’ll arrive at your destination later, it will be more comfortable, and there’s less danger that your battery will die before you do.
Use soft tires
Another method to reduce the drag produced by your wheels is to use thinner tires. Thin tires are always present on racing motorcycles for a reason. Because mountain bike tires make it simpler to cycle at high speeds on the road, it would be impossible for them to move as quickly. Despite this, thicker tires have gained popularity because electric bikes let you pedal more forcefully. Examples of these tires are the fat tires used on electric bikes. You may pedal on more challenging terrain like the sand by employing thicker tires like these, but your motor will need to work rigid to keep you moving.
The maximum weight you have to move with the help of an electric motor, the more energy it will consume. It means you should take steps to lessen your weight to maximize how far you can travel on your bike. Maybe you may leave something in your bag that you don’t need behind.
Hope this article will give you a thorough knowledge about electric bike range and how to increase electric bike range.
Longest Range E-Bikes of 2023: Which E-Bikes Can Go Farthest?
Electric power transforms the capability of bicycles, expanding the scope of uses and presenting new opportunities.
One of the key traits of an e-bike is the distance it can go while providing support. A long-range electric bike gives you more freedom and makes for a more capable machine.
However, bigger isn’t always better, as bigger batteries and efficient motors are more expensive, so it’s important to find the right balance.
This article starts with a short overview of the factors affecting range and follows with a review of nine of the best long-range electric bikes available in 2023.
How to Estimate Your E-Bike Range?
Using a short back-of-the-envelope calculation, you can get a rough estimate of the range you can expect from an electric bike. First, though, you need to know which figures to use.
- Volts (V): The force of the electric flow from the battery to the motor.
- Amp-Hours (Ah): A battery’s total capacity.
- Watt-Hours (Wh): The product of multiplying voltage and Ah. The total energy stored in a battery.
- Watts (W): The measurement of a motor’s power. The product of multiplying torque and speed.
Now that we know what to look for, we can begin the calculation. Take the Juiced HyperScrambler 2 with two 19.2Ah, 52V batteries, and a 1000W motor as an example. First, find the Wh rating by multiplying Ah and V.
Juiced Bikes HyperScrambler 2 52V 19.2 Ah battery pack. (Source: juicedbikes.com)
With 1996Wh of energy, you could run the 1000W motor at max power (throttle only) for two hours. However, if it’s set at the Class 3 pedal-assist limit of 750W, it will last longer. To calculate, divide Wh by the sustained power output.
Let’s assume we want to travel at roughly 23 mph on average. We can calculate how many miles we will get at that speed by multiplying the hours (decimal version) by that speed.
Note that this estimation doesn’t factor in any of the external variables listed in the next section, each of which affects the expected range.
The best way to accurately determine how much range to expect is to test the bike in the typical conditions you ride. So, we recommend only using the manufacturer-stated range as a rough estimate of what to expect.
Refer to our electric bike range guide for a more in-depth analysis of how far an ebike can actually go on a single charge and how to calculate your ebike’s real-world range.
What Factors Affect E-Bike’s Range?
As you’ll see from the list below, many factors contribute to the average and maximum expected range of an e-bike. For this reason, it’s extremely difficult to calculate accurately, and it varies from ride to ride.
When manufacturers state a max range, they usually base it on a 170 to 180-lb individual riding on flat terrain in ideal conditions in the lowest pedal assistance (PAS) mode.
Battery Capacity: An e-bike’s Watt-hour (Wh) rating is the most important measurement for gauging capacity. It provides the first clue about how much range a bike will have. A higher Wh rating means more range, assuming the bicycle is the same. Therefore, most dual battery ebikes have very high range estimates.
Motor Type, Efficiency, and Power: Mid-drive motors use energy more efficiently than hub drives, but some brands and models are more efficient than others. Higher-end motors are generally more efficient and get more mileage per watt-hour. In contrast, higher power and torque ratings indicate lower max ranges.
System Voltage (V): The voltage rating of an e-bike system tells how much energy can flow between the battery and motor. As a result, higher voltage systems use energy faster and get lower average ranges.
Ebike display showing current power consumption statistics. (Source: juicedbikes.com)
Assistance Level and Throttle: When riding, the choice of PAS level will determine how quickly the battery drains, more assistance equals less distance. Likewise, using the throttle will drastically decrease the expected range as you rely solely on the motor.
Type of Bike and Components: Some bike styles are more efficient than others. The geometry, tire width and tread, and shape of the tubing all impact how much range you will get. For example, an electric road bike with 28mm slick tires and aerodynamic geometry and tubing will get more range than one with endurance geometry and 35mm treaded gravel tires.
Weight: Ebike Weight (bike, rider, and cargo) plays an important role in range, especially when riding up hills. The higher the weight, the more power is needed to ride at a given speed. In addition, the effect of weight increases exponentially as the gradient increases, so heavier riders will see bigger reductions in the expected range.
Elevation Gain: Riding uphill is the most energy-demanding part of cycling. The more elevation gain you have in your rides, the lower the range you will get. As mentioned, the effect is compounded if you are heavy or carrying cargo.
Terrain: The surface you ride on impacts how much range you can expect. Smooth pavement requires less power to go at a given speed than rough gravel, grass, or dirt trails.
Temperature: An extremely low or high ambient temperature can significantly reduce the range of an electric bike. Below freezing or above 100 degrees, you will see significant battery performance degradation.
Longest Range Ebikes in 2023
Tern GSD S10
Longest-Range Electric Bike of 2023 (121 miles)
- Motor: 250W Bosch Cargo Line Motor, 85Nm
- Battery: 400Wh
- Range: 26-53 (single battery) / 121 miles (dual battery)
- Drivetrain: Shimano Deore 10-speed
- Max Load: 440 lbs
The Tern GSD S10 has a unique combination of features. It’s a folding cargo bike and the longest-range eBike on the list, but this comes at a premium price.
Firstly, you get an intelligently-engineered aluminum frame with folding handlebars, a telescoping seatpost, and the ability to park vertically, reducing the GSD S10’s footprint to that of a potted plant.
Tern chose a Bosch electric bike system with a 400Wh battery and capacity for another 500Wh unit. These pair with a Cargo Line 85Nm motor that can handle a fully loaded 440-lb payload. The highest range you can expect with two batteries is 121 miles and 53 miles with the 400Wh battery alone.
The groupset comprises a set of Magura MT5 four-piston hydraulic disc brakes and a Shimano Deore 10-speed drivetrain. These are reliable and consistent components.
Other notable features include an integrated wheel lock, puncture-resistant Schwalbe tires, powerful lights, an extra-long rack that can fit two kids’ seats, and a locking kickstand. Unfortunately, the small 20″ wheels mean this isn’t the most comfortable e-bike, but they make the bike sit low which means you can easily load and unload cargo from the rear rack.
Choose the Tern GSD S10 if you’re in the market for the eBike with the longest range and a practical cargo-carrying build.
Juiced HyperScrambler 2
100-Mile Max Range
- Motor: 1000W Bafang hub, 90Nm
- Battery: 2x 998Wh (1996Wh total)
- Range: 100 miles
- Drivetrain: MicroSHIFT 8-speed
- Max Load: 275 lbs
Juiced Bikes’ HyperScrambler 2 is another dual-battery long-range electric bike designed for the thrill-seeking rider.
This moped-style machine comes with a whopping 1996Wh of battery capacity and an electric bike range of 100 miles. That said, if you’re getting the most enjoyment from this bike, expect closer to 60 miles with the two batteries.
When unlocked, the 1000W (2000W peak) motor can reach speeds up to 34 mph and easily cruise up steep hills. Take advantage of the 20 mph throttle to sit back and enjoy the ride.
Unsurprisingly, the HyperScrambler is weighty, at 119 lbs, making it one of the heaviest on the market and closer to the weight of an actual moped.
It has enormous 4.25″ puncture-resistant fat tires on 20″ wheels, a full moped setup including lights, indicators, mirrors, and a horn. In addition, you get an 8-speed MicroSHIFT drivetrain and dual suspension.
Consider the HyperScrambler 2 if you want a high-performance moped eBike with an excellent range.
100-Mile Max Range
Lectric is an up-and-coming e-bike brand specializing in affordable folding models fully equipped for urban riding and commuting.
Lectric XPremium is the longest-range electric bike under 2,000, sold with two 500Wh batteries that return up to 100 miles of range thanks to the efficient Truckrun 500W mid-drive motor.
As an entry-level model, most of the components are basic. You get Shimano’s lowest-tier Tourney drivetrain, Zoom hydraulic disc brakes, and Chaoyang 4″ fat tires, none of which will blow you away.
The frame is also heavy but sturdy and folds quickly into a small package for storage. However, at 82 lbs, don’t expect to carry this e-bike too far.
Other notable features include a 55-lb capacity rear rack, LED lights, fenders, and 80mm fork suspension, creating a well-rounded urban e-bike with all-terrain capabilities.
Add the Lectric XPremium to your shortlist if you’re in the market for a 100-mile-range e-bike with a folding frame and an unbeatable price.
80-Mile Max Range
The Blix Dubbel is a long-distance electric bike designed to be a practical option to replace the car for urban riding and commuting.
Blix chose a large motor and dual battery capacity to ensure you’re not limited by range or power. As a result, the Dubbel can achieve up to 80 miles and tackle most hills in the city while loaded.
A tidy aluminum frame comes with Blix’s modular accessory compatibility to enhance functionality. In addition, it has plush 3.3″ Kenda tires and a steel fork to take the edge off bumpy roads.
The frame geometry and weight distribution of electronics are balanced for stability and comfort in urban environments.
Unfortunately, this bike is heavy at 78lb. However, Zoom hydraulic disc brakes and an 8-speed microSHIFT drivetrain provide plenty of stopping power and gearing range.
Don’t look past the Blix Dubbel if you want a versatile urban e-bike with a solid range.
Gazelle Ultimate C380 E-Bike
70-Mile Max Range
- Motor: 250W Bosch Performance Line 3.0, 65Nm
- Battery: 500Wh
- Range: 70 miles
- Drivetrain: Gates Carbon belt and Enviolo Trekking hub
- Max Load: 285 lbs
The Gazelle Ultimate C380 is a premium Dutch-style urban e-bike with a solid max range and high-quality components and design.
This model is equipped with a Bosch Performance Line 3.0 65Nm motor and 500Wh battery, capable of lasting up to 70 miles on Eco mode. The top speed is fixed at the Class 2 limit of 20mph.
The geometry of the C380 low-step balances the comfort and sporty performance typical of Gazelle’s Ultimate family. The 40mm headset-integrated suspension, 1.75″ puncture-resistant Schwalbe tires, and ergonomic touchpoints make this bike a joy to ride for long distances.
A highlight of this bike is the Gates Carbon belt drive and Enviolo Trekking hub with a 380% gearing range. This setup is efficient, maintenance-free, and intuitive to use.
Other features of this long-distance e-bike include powerful Shimano hydraulic disc brakes, an integrated rear wheel lock, lights, fenders, and a pannier rack.
Consider the Gazelle Ultimate C380 if you want a premium belt-drive urban e-bike with a solid max range.
Benno RemiDemi 10D
75-Mile Max Range
- Motor: 250W Bosch Performance Line 3.0, 65Nm
- Battery: 400Wh
- Range: 75 miles
- Drivetrain: Shimano Sora 9-speed
- Max Load: 400 lbs
Cargo specialist Benno produces a variety of long-range electric bikes for carrying heavy loads up to 400 lbs.
The RemiDemi 10D is the brand’s compact model with a convenient low-step frame and 20″ wheels but the same performance. The 4.25″ Duro fat tires give the RemiDemi tons of traction and remove the need for heavy suspension components.
Benno chose a Bosch Performance Line 65Nm motor and 400Wh battery that returns from 25 to 75 miles of range depending on usage. Unfortunately, the compact charger means it takes 6.5 hours to charge fully.
The long rear rack and mounts for a front rack allow you to maximize the enormous payload capacity. A Shimano Acera/Sora 9-speed drivetrain and MT200 hydraulic disc brakes work well and are reliable for this style of bike.
Choose the Benno RemiDemi 10D if you need a long-range, high-capacity cargo e-bike to replace your car or make urban living more convenient.
Gazelle Medeo T10
70-Mile Max Range
Gazelle’s Medeo T10 is a cheaper alternative to the Ultimate C380, with sportier geometry and a more responsive ride feel.
This model gets the same electronics as the C380, Bosch’s Performance Line 65Nm motor and 500Wh battery pack, and has a similar range of 70 miles.
The responsiveness and aerodynamic ride position make this bike more enjoyable to ride at lower PAS levels. Likewise, a Shimano Deore 10-speed drivetrain provides tons of gearing range for varied gradients, and the relatively low 50-lb weight is easier to maneuver.
This model has two-piston hydraulic disc brakes, 50mm of fork travel, and 2″ Schwalbe Big Apple tires to provide control and comfort on varied surfaces. Other notable features include bright lights, a rear rack, fenders, and a Dutch-style rear wheel lock.
Don’t miss out on this Gazelle electric bike long-range beast if you want the brand’s renowned reliability at a more affordable price.
Cannondale Adventure Neo 4
64-Mile Max Range
The Cannondale Adventure Neo 4 step-through isn’t the longest-range electric bike on the list, but it’s solid for the e-cruiser category, which typically has lower max ranges.
A low-step frame, upright geometry, swept-back handlebars, and 2.2″ balloon tires give the Adventure Neo a plush ride quality that’s comfortable for many hours. Unfortunately, this bike doesn’t have extras like a rack, fenders, or light, so commuters will need to add them.
With an efficient Bosch Active Line 50Nm motor and 400Wh battery combination, you can get up to 64 miles of range. The Shimano Altus 9-speed groupset isn’t very smooth for this price but has enough range for varied gradients. In addition, MT200 hydraulic discs allow you to stop safely in all weather conditions.
If you want unbeatable comfort in a sleek design, consider the Cannondale Adventure Neo 4.
60-Mile Max Range
Aventon’s Aventure.2 is the brand’s most versatile model and one of the cheapest long-range electric bikes on the market.
This e-bike has a powerful 750W motor that runs off a 720Wh battery. This combination can last up to 60 miles on Eco mode using the 8-speed Shimano Altus derailleur. With the throttle alone, the Aventure.2 has a 30-mile range.
An impressive feature of this bike is the torque sensor Aventon added to the motor, creating a much smoother ride quality than typical hub-drive systems.
A set of 4″ fat tires, 80mm of fork suspension, and Tektro hydraulic disc brakes give this bike its capabilities on off-road terrain. That said, the 77-lb weight and low-end suspension mean you should avoid aggressive trails.
Finally, the Aventure.2 has a rear rack, fenders, and integrated lights, so it performs well as a trekking or commuter e-bike.
Add this affordable long-range e-bike to your shortlist if you have a limited budget and want all-terrain capabilities.
The Marin Bikes Guide to eBikes and eMountain Bikes.
Wondering how eBikes work? Here’s the Marin Bikes guide to everything you need to know about electric bikes, eBikes, electric mountain bikes and eMTB.
eBikes: Here to Stay.
Here at Marin we think eBikes and eMTB bikes are great and we have a range of models that can take you anywhere from the mountains to the coffee shop.
Considering going electric? Read on.
eBikes have a motor to assist you when pedaling
Batteries are on the downtube
A display is featured on the handlebar to give you speed, distance and remaining battery life
What Is An eBike?
Wondering how do electric bikes work, and how to ride an electric bike?
An electric bicycle is essentially a regular bicycle with an integrated electric motor and an eBike battery. You ride them like a normal bike, and the motor activates when you pedal. The eBike motor helps you out but it doesn’t replace your leg power completely.
Many people ask “does an eBike have a throttle?” and the answer is, no. When you stop pedalling, the motor stops.
How fast do eBikes and eMTB bikes go? The power assistance cuts out above a certain speed which is 25 km/h in the EU, 20 MPH in the US.
Do You Need a License For An Electric Bike?
One of the main mix-ups is whether eBikes are legal to ride on the roads or on the trails and whether or not you need a license to ride one.
In Europe and the UK, eBikes are known as “Electrically Assisted Pedal Cycles” and are considered to be the same as regular bicycles. Anyone over the age of 14 is allowed to ride an eBike with no special training or insurance.
In most US states, they’re categorized as “Class 1 eBikes”, and they’re treated more or less the same as bikes. We’d recommend double-checking what laws apply in your local area, as there are differences from state to state.
Are you allowed to ride eMTB bikes off-road and on mountain bike trails? Most countries don’t restrict access but certain landowners may so always check before you ride. In the US, many landowners such as the National Park Service or Bureau of Land Management class eMTB’s as motorized vehicles and only allow their use where motorized vehicles are permitted.
We’d recommend asking your local Marin dealer for help with what the law says about eBikes in your home country. You can find a list of Marin ebike stores in your area here.
How Much Is An Electric Bike?
It’s true, eBikes do cost a little more than ‘normal’ bikes due to the added technology.
eBikes vary a lot in price, depending on their level of componentry and what they’re designed to do, but they’re typically 2-10,000 USD and are usually more expensive than the equivalent non-eBike.
There’s a good reason for this: modern eBikes pack in a huge amount of technology. They have systems that are designed to perform faultlessly in all conditions for mile after mile, high-capacity lightweight batteries, and Smart features like Bluetooth connectivity and customisable power levels.
Are eBikes worth the extra cost? For a lot of riders, the benefits of an eBike more than make up for that higher up-front investment.
As eBike tech becomes more established, we’re starting to see more and more affordable ebikes and value ebikes enter the fray. The Marin Bikes Alpine Trail E1 is currently one of the best-value eMTBs available.
Who Are eBikes For?
There are eBikes for almost any type of rider nowadays from eCommute to eMtb to eGravel to eCargo Bikes and everything in between.
On a punchy, hilly off-road route, using all the assist levels, you might get 30 miles out of an eBike’s charge. Cruising on roads with shallower gradients and 50-60 miles should be achievable.
It all depends on your route, your speed, and how much of the work you’re happy to take on yourself. Either way, you’ll find all of Marin’s eBikes have plenty of capacity for big days in the saddle and plenty of motorized assistance!
Other Things To Know About eBikes
And how much do electric bikes weigh? eBikes have become a lot more refined in the past few years, but they’re still several kilos heavier than an equivalent non-eBike.
It’s worth remembering that added weight if you live in a first-floor flat, you need to lift one onto the roof of your car, get it up the stairs to the office or over a gate on the trails. This is especially true if you’re considering an eBike to help overcome an issue that stops you from riding a lighter, human-powered bike.
Lots of you asked us “can you ride an electric bike in the rain?”. Yes, absolutely. They’re weather sealed and can stand up to normal use in wet weather. Full submersion, salt water or heavy pressure washing should be avoided though.
Marin eBikes. Commuter Bike, Urban Explorer and Cafe Cruiser
Marin’s Sausalito range of urban eBikes feature Shimano STEPS assist systems, comfortable “road plus” WTB Horizon tyres, powerful disc brakes and flat bars for relaxed city and cycle path cruising.
The Sausalito E1 has a light alloy frame with a practical steel fork and rack, mudguard and kickstand mounts. An easy to live with 1×10 drivetrain and Tektro brakes complete the bike.
The Sausalito E2 has some choice upgrades over the E1, including a Shimano STEPS E6100 assist, wide-range gearing and a Suntour suspension fork that takes the sting out of unsurfaced trails.
Many of our markets also include the Marin Stinson Electric and Stinson Electric ST, a thoroughbred family of urban eBikes that are perfect for shopping or commuting to work. They are equipped with an easy-to-ride frame, comfortable and fast-rolling tires and a reliable 250W hub motor with a 309Wh battery.
Marin eMTBs: Trail Fun Machines
The Alpine Trail E family is Marin’s award-winning full-suspension eMTB, taking the winning formula of the Alpine Trail enduro bikes and adding some serious self-uplift potential.
All the models have bombproof alloy frames with 160mm front, 150mm rear suspension, Marin’s Multitrac suspension design, and coil shocks for smoothing out the roughest trails.
The Alpine Trail E1 has a Shimano E7000 motor, Shimano drivetrain and a Rockshox Vivid rear shock. From the RockShox Gold 35 fork to the Maxxis tyres, every part of the bike is ready to hit the hill. This one is a killer affordable eMTB and one of the best value eMTBs available.
The Alpine Trail E2 is a dream build for a real-world budget, with Fox suspension, a 12-speed Shimano drivetrain and Raceface finishing kit. Shimano’s next-generation EP8 motor is lighter, quieter and more powerful, and a 630Wh battery means it’s no problem to head up the hill for one more run.
“Smooth assist, light weight, and great brakes at an impressive price.
CycleVolta.com’s excellent First Ride Review of the Sausalito E1
“When price, performance and Marin’s dealer network are considered, we’d definitely buy this bike.
Vital MTB’s Perfect Five Star Review of the Alpine Trail E2
“It is a bike that instills confidence and wants you to push harder
The crew at The Loam Wolf took one of our Alpine Trail E2s to Utah for their 2021 eMTB test sessions.
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